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Elementary to upper intermediate worksheet - İngilizce Dersleri


1- TO BE (Present)

A- Change the following sentences to plural.

Example: This is a book.        These are books.

                               That is a glass.        Those are glasses.

1.   This is a chair.  _____________________________

2.   That is a map.  _____________________________

3.   This is a student.             _____________________________

4.   That is a cat.    _____________________________

5.   The book is on the table. _____________________________

6.   She is in London.             _____________________________

7.   I am a student. _____________________________

8.   A camel is an animal.       _____________________________

9.   That is a pen.   _____________________________

10. You are a teacher.            _____________________________

11. It is a stamp.    _____________________________

12. It is a book.      _____________________________

13. The cat is under the chair.               _____________________________

14. It is a notebook.               _____________________________

15.    This is a newspaper.    _____________________________

16. That is a door.  _____________________________

17. She is a doctor. _____________________________

18. He is an actor.  _____________________________

19. This is a sentence.           _____________________________

20. That is a mosque.            _____________________________

21. This is a watch.               _____________________________

22. That is a computer.         _____________________________

23. The pen is in the box. _____________________________

24. The boy is in the classroom. _____________________________

 

B- Change the sentences above to question.

Example: This is a book.        Is this a book?

                               That is a glass.        Is that a glass?

 

C- Change the following sentences to plural.

Example: She is happy.                         They are happy.

                               Is that a rubber?     Are those rubbers?

1.   He is tall. _____________________________

2.   She is young. _____________________________

3.   You are tall. _____________________________

4.   Is this a carpet? _____________________________

5.   She isn't a teacher. _____________________________

6.   You aren't a student. _____________________________

7.   This is a dictionary. _____________________________

8.   That is a watch. _____________________________

9.   What is this? _____________________________

10. What is that? _____________________________

11. It is long. _____________________________

12. Where is the student? _____________________________

13. That isn't a notebook. _____________________________

14. This isn't a key. _____________________________

15. It isn't a brush. _____________________________

16. That is a woman. _____________________________

17. This is a man. _____________________________

18. She is a secretary. _____________________________

19. How is your brother? _____________________________

20. That is a knife. _____________________________

21. He is a doctor. _____________________________

22. She isn't a secretary. _____________________________

23. Are you a teacher? _____________________________

24. He is fat. _____________________________

 

D- Change the following sentences to singular.

Example: They are birds.                                                      It is a bird.

                               The pens are on the desk.      The pen is on the desk.

1.   These are letters. _____________________________

2.   Those are windows. _____________________________

3.   They are magazines. _____________________________

4.   Those are spoons. _____________________________

5.   These are bottles. _____________________________

6.   They are cars. _____________________________

7.   The desks are in the classroom. _____________________________

8.   The teachers are in the school. _____________________________

9.   Those are bananas. _____________________________

10. Chickens are birds. _____________________________

11. The dogs are outside. _____________________________

12. Those are radios. _____________________________

13. Those shirts are green. _____________________________

14. Planes are fast. _____________________________

15. These hotels are large. _____________________________

16. Those are soldiers. _____________________________

17. These are pictures. _____________________________

18. Those are envelopes. _____________________________

19. The cars are in the garage. _____________________________

20. The pictures are on the wall. _____________________________

21. The planes are at the airport. _____________________________

22. The photographs are in the album. _____________________________

23. Those are dangerous animals. _____________________________

24. These are good books. _____________________________

 

E- Change the following sentences to singular.

Example: Those are pencils.  That is a pencil.

                               We’re not students.                 I am not a student.

1.   Books are good friends. _____________________________

2.   Hotels are large buildings. _____________________________

3.   Cats are animals. _____________________________

4.   They are policemen. _____________________________

5.   Those are secretaries. _____________________________

6.   Those are policewomen. _____________________________

7.   These are postmen. _____________________________

8.   Where are the children? _____________________________

9.   What are those? _____________________________

10. Where are the dictionaries? _____________________________

11. Are those apples? _____________________________

12. These aren't oranges. _____________________________

13. We are happy. _____________________________

14. You are late. _____________________________

15. They are young. _____________________________

16. They are ten years old. _____________________________

17. Are these your keys? _____________________________

18. They aren't knives. _____________________________

19. These are interesting stories. _____________________________

20. Those rooms are very clean. _____________________________

21. The women are in the kitchen. _____________________________

22. The men are at the bus stop. _____________________________

23. How are your sisters? _____________________________

24. Are the students at the library? _____________________________

 

F- Make sentences using the correct form of the present tense of to be

Example: he – teacher            He is a teacher.

                               they – tall                               They are tall.

1.   she-happy _____________________________

2.   they – students _____________________________

3.   he - New York _____________________________

4.   we – holiday _____________________________

5.   they – English _____________________________

6.   the students - the classroom _____________________________

7.   they – foreigners _____________________________

8.   Ali – doctor _____________________________

9.   Mary – engineer _____________________________

10. this-island _____________________________

11. it - blackboard _____________________________

12. that – chalkboard ? _____________________________

13. he - intelligent student ? _____________________________

14. I – late _____________________________

15. John and Mary – London _____________________________

16. where - my car? _____________________________

17. she - not – nurse _____________________________

18. he - not – actor _____________________________

19. the students - the bus _____________________________

20. that chair – comfortable _____________________________

21. she – cook _____________________________

22. the girl – library _____________________________

23. the car – garage _____________________________

24. we – fine _____________________________

 

 

 

 

2- ADJECTIVES

A- Transform the following sentences as in the examples.

Example: This car is fast.                                                      Yes. It is a fast car.

                               These books are cheap.                         Yes. They are cheap books.

1.   This chair is hard. _____________________________

2.   The armchair is comfortable. _____________________________

3.   The man is old. _____________________________

4.   The woman is tall. _____________________________

5.   Those shoes are new. _____________________________

6.   This shirt is expensive. _____________________________

7.   This exercise is easy. _____________________________

8.   That boy is very clever. _____________________________

9.   These rooms are small. _____________________________

10. These sentences are short. _____________________________

11. That bottle is full. _____________________________

12. The city is large. _____________________________

13. That girl is intelligent. _____________________________

14. The suitcases are heavy. _____________________________

15. The man is very fat. _____________________________

16. These pictures are very nice. _____________________________

17. Those animals are very dangerous. _____________________________

18. This man is rich. _____________________________

19. That elephant is very large. _____________________________

20. That room is very clean. _____________________________

21. That car is old. _____________________________

22. These dictionaries are cheap. _____________________________

23. This question is very difficult. _____________________________

24. This armchair is soft. _____________________________

 

B- Answer the following questions by using the opposites of the adjectives.

Example: Is John rich?                           No, he isn't. He is poor.

                               Is that book new?   No, it isn't. It is old.

1.   Is the woman tall? _____________________________

2.   Is the soup hot? _____________________________

3.   Are the streets dirty? _____________________________

4.   Is your brother thin? _____________________________

5.   Is the girl sad? _____________________________

6.   Is that driver careful? _____________________________

7.   Are these questions difficult? _____________________________

8.   Is that table heavy? _____________________________

9.   Are the streets wet? _____________________________

10. Is the train slow? _____________________________

11. Are those bottles full? _____________________________

12. Is Bill strong? _____________________________

13. Is the food bad? _____________________________

14. Is the program interesting? _____________________________

15. Is Mr. Smith old? _____________________________

16. Is that road narrow? _____________________________

17. Are those books cheap? _____________________________

18. Are those people rude? _____________________________

3- THERE IS – THERE ARE

A- Complete the following sentences by using there is or there are.

Example: __________ some tea in the glass.        There is some tea in the glass.

                               __________ some lions in the zoo.       There are some lions in the zoo.

1.   __________ a bus at the bus stop.

2.   __________ some chairs in the room.

3.   __________ seven days in a week.

4.   __________ a lot of books in the library.

5.   __________ a TV set in the room.

6.   __________ a lot of bread at the baker's.

7.   __________ a little sugar in my tea.

8.   __________ a few men on the bus.

9.   __________ some beef on the plate.

10. __________ some people outside.

11. __________ a typewriter in the office.

12. __________ twelve months in a year.

13. __________ sixty seconds in a month.

14. __________ not any students in the classroom now.

15. __________ not any water in the bottle.

16. __________ not any milk in the jug.

17. __________ three bottles of milk in the fridge.

18. __________ two loaves of bread on the table.

19. __________ some women on the train.

20. __________ a post office opposite the school.

21. __________ a lot of children in the classroom.

22. __________ a lot of water in the jug.

23. __________ some cars in the garage.

24. __________ not any buses at the bus stop.

 

B- Change the sentences above to question.

Example: There is some tea in the glass.                 Is there any tea in the glass?

                               There are some lions in the zoo. Are there any lions in the zoo?

 

 

4- HAVE GOT – HAS GOT

A- Complete the following sentences using have got or has got.

Example: I__________ a pet.                               I have got a pet.

                               He__________ some coffee. He has got some coffee.

1.   I__________ a car.

2.   He __________ a cat.

3.   She __________ three brothers.

4.   My brother__________ a new book.

5.   My father__________ a lot of tools.

6.   They __________ a new house.

7.   George and Mary __________ a new flat.

8.   My mother __________ a lot of dresses.

9.   I__________ some shirts.

10. We __________ a nice school.

11. She__________ a rabbit.

12. They __________ two houses.

13. She __________ some soup.

14. I__________ some chocolate.

15. He __________ very few friends.

16. She __________ a little time.

17. They__________ a lot of money.

18. We __________ some relatives.

19. She __________ two children.

20. I__________ a little furniture.

21. He __________ a hat.

22. We __________ an old car.

23. I__________ a lot of books.

24. She __________ some fruit.

 

B- Ask questions beginning with How many or How much.

Example: I have got a pet.      How many pets have you got?

                               He has got some coffee.         How much coffee has he got?

5- PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

A- Make sentences in present continuous tense using the cues.

Example: Ali - write a letter.                                 Ali is writing a letter.

                               We - listen to the teacher.      We are listening to the teacher.

1.   I - learn French. ___________________________________

2.   Mehmet - listen to the radio. ________________________________

3.   She - study English. ___________________________________

4.   The dog - run after the cat. _________________________________

5.   The teacher - ask some questions. _____________________________

6.   The students - do homework. ________________________________

7.   We - play football. ___________________________________

8.   He - read a book. ___________________________________

9.   She - cook. ___________________________________

10. They - run. ___________________________________

11. I - have breakfast. ___________________________________

12. The baby - sleep. ___________________________________

13. Ali - talk to the teacher. ___________________________________

14. He - look at his watch. ___________________________________

15. Fatima - clean the blackboard. ______________________________

16. We - read a story. ___________________________________

17. He - have a bath. ___________________________________

18. They – drank tea. ___________________________________

19. The tourists - visit the museum. ______________________________

20. He - carry an umbrella. ___________________________________

21. The girl - buy a newspaper. ________________________________

22. The policeman - look for the man. _____________________________

23. She - watch TV. ___________________________________

24. They - learn German. ___________________________________

 

.

 

C- Answer the questions as in the example.

Example: Is Ali running or walking?                       He isn't running. He is walking.

                               Are they laughing or crying?   They aren't laughing. They are crying.

1.   Are they drinking tea or coffee?

      ___________________________________

2.   Are you reading a book or a newspaper?

      ___________________________________

3.   Is Ahmet having lunch or dinner?

      ___________________________________

4.   Are they watching TV or sleeping?

      ___________________________________

5.   Are you playing basketball or volleyball?

      ___________________________________

6.   Is Mary cooking or making tea?

      ___________________________________

7.   Is Bob learning Arabic or Turkish?

      ___________________________________

8.   Are you buying a newspaper or a magazine?

      ___________________________________

9.   Is the policeman sitting or standing?

      ___________________________________

10. Is Hasan listening to the radio or studying?

      ___________________________________

11. Are they waiting for a bus or a mini-bus?

      ___________________________________

12. Are you eating an apple or an orange?

      ___________________________________

13. Are you opening your books or your notebooks?

      ___________________________________

14. Is she laughing or smiling? ________________________________

15. Are they carrying the tables or the chairs?

      ___________________________________

16. Are you looking for your pen or your pencil?

      ___________________________________

17. Is Betty dancing or singing? ______________________________

18. Are you closing the door or the window?

      ___________________________________

19. Is Osman writing a letter or doing his homework?

      ___________________________________

20. Is the dog barking or eating something?

      ___________________________________

21. Are they talking or thinking?

      ___________________________________

22. Is she drawing a picture or writing something?

      ___________________________________

23. Is the horse eating grass or drinking water?

      ___________________________________

24. Are the students listening to the teacher or reading their books?

      ___________________________________

 

D- Ask questions and give answers in present continuous tense

Example: Mary – run - walk.                Is Mary running? No, she isn't.

                                                                                                                             What is she doing? She is walking.

1.   George – sleep - watch TV. ________________________________

2.   Hasan - drink tea - coffee. _________________________________

3.   Sally - write a letter - do homework. __________________________

4.   Fatima - watch TV - listen to the radio. ________________________

5.   Bob - read a story - make a speech. ____________________________

6.   your mother – cook - wash the dishes. __________________________

7.   the doctor - write a prescription - examine a patient.

      ______________________________________

8.   the teacher - ask a question - write a sentence.

      ___________________________________

9.   the secretary – type - talk on the telephone.

      ___________________________________

10. Ahmet - wash his car - paint his car. __________________________

11. your brother - learn French - English.

12. the students – read - write. _____________________________

13. Osman – swim - run. ________________________________

14. Paul and Bill – work - have a rest. ____________________________

15. the children – sleep - have breakfast. __________________________

16. the taxi driver – drive - wait for a customer.

      ___________________________________

17. you - wait for a bus - a friend. ______________________________

18. the women – talk - laugh. ________________________________

19. the policemen - look for the car - the gun.

      ___________________________________

20. Selma – talk - think. _________________________________

21. Ali - listen to the concert - the news. ___________________________

22. the cat – sleep - run after a mouse. ___________________________

23. Bob – help his father - mother. _____________________________

24. the children - play tennis - volleyball. __________________________

 

E- Ask information questions in present continuous tense.

Example: He is writing something.        What is he writing?

                               Somebody is sleeping.                           Who is sleeping?

1.   They are reading something. _______________________________

2.   She is going somewhere. ___________________________________

3.   He is phoning somebody. ___________________________________

4.   Somebody is following us. __________________________________

5.   They are doing something. __________________________________

6.   I am looking for something. __________________________________

7.   He is waiting for somebody. _________________________________

8.   Some people are standing by the door. ___________________________

9.   She is staying somewhere. _________________________________

10. Something is moving. __________________________________

11. We are talking to somebody. _______________________________

12. They are coming from somewhere. _____________________________

13. She is eating something. _________________________________

14. The police are following somebody. ___________________________

15. He is looking at something. ________________________________

16. They are carrying something. _______________________________

17. He is doing something. _________________________________

18. He is taking the books somewhere. ____________________________

19. She is cooking something. ________________________________

20. They are helping somebody. ________________________________

21. He is drinking something. ________________________________

22. Somebody is helping the teacher. _____________________________

23. Something is moving. _________________________________

24. She is buying something. _______________________________

 

6- SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

A- Change the following sentences to simple present tense. Add every day.

Example: I am writing a letter.               I write a letter every day.

                               We are going to work.            We go to work every day.

1.   They are studying English. ____________________________

2.   We are drinking tea. ____________________________

3.   I am writing a report. ____________________________

4.   I am buying a newspaper. ____________________________

5.   I am washing my hands. ____________________________

6.   We are watching TV. ____________________________

7.   The doctors are examining the patients.

      ____________________________________

8.   I am drinking milk. ____________________________

9.   They are asking questions. ____________________________

10. My brothers are going to school. ____________________________

11. My sisters are listening to the radio. __________________________

12. The children are playing basketball. __________________________

13. I am going shopping. ____________________________

14. They are having lunch. ____________________________

15. I am polishing my shoes. ____________________________

16. We are cleaning the classroom. ____________________________

17. I am phoning my mother. ____________________________

18. I am driving a book. ____________________________

19. We are reading a book. ____________________________

20. We are washing up. ____________________________

21. They are reading the newspapers. __________________________

22. We are eating bread and butter. ____________________________

23. They are waiting for the bus. ____________________________

24.           The boys are playing chess. ____________________________

B- Change the following sentences to question.

Example: I live in Istanbul.                                    Do you live in Istanbul?

                               She runs every morning.        Does she run every morning?

1.   I get up early. ____________________________

2.   They live in South Street. ____________________________

3.   We go to school at 8. ____________________________

4.   They drink tea every day. ____________________________

5.   I like coffee. ____________________________

6.   I speak English and German. ____________________________

7.   They study chemistry every day. __________________________

8.   He gets up late. ____________________________

9.   She cooks very well. ____________________________

10. He speaks Arabic. ____________________________

11. Ali eats beans. ____________________________

12. Bill has lunch at 1. ____________________________

13. He reads a newspaper every day. ____________________________

14. She likes tea. ____________________________

15. Doctors examine patients. ____________________________

16. He needs a pen. ____________________________

17. They play cricket. ____________________________

18. We play football. ____________________________

19. She goes home by bus. ____________________________

20. He wears a watch. ____________________________

21. He swims every summer. ____________________________

22. She takes sugar in her coffee. ____________________________

23. They walk to school every morning. _________________________

24. We study at the library. ____________________________

 

C- Change the sentences above to negative.

Example: I live in Istanbul.    I don't live in Istanbul.

                               She runs every morning.        She doesn't run every morning.

 

D- Substitution Drill

Example: I live in Istanbul     Example: He doesn't speak English

         he   He lives in Istanbul                                they        They don't speak English.

      work He works in Istanbul.            German   They don't speak German.

      shop He works in a shop.               we                           We don't speak German.

1.   I ____________________                              1.             understand __________________

2.   she ____________________          2.             I ____________________

3.   office __________________          3.             he            ____________________

4.   they ___________________          4.             like ____________________

5.   he  ____________________           5.             football ____________________

6.   Ankara ________________            6.             play ____________________

7.   live ____________________          7.             they ____________________

8.   like ____________________          8.             watch ____________________

9.   tea ____________________           9.             he ____________________

10. drink ___________________         10.           she ____________________

11. usually _________________          11.           does she? ___________________

12. sometimes _______________        12.           you ____________________

13. have ___________________          13.           TV ____________________

14. I ____________________                              14.           he ____________________

15. never __________________           15.           like ____________________

16. rarely __________________          16.           radio ____________________

17. make __________________           17.           listen to ____________________

18. once a week ______________        18.           the news ____________________

19. my father ________________        19.           watch ____________________

20. buy ____________________         20.           films ____________________

21. every day ________________       21.           doesn't he? __________________

22. sell ____________________          22.           they ____________________

23. the man _________________         23.           make ____________________

24. drink __________________           24.           mistakes ____________________

 

E- Answer the following questions.

Example: Where does a chemist work? A chemist works in a drugstore.

                               What does a tailor do?                                           A tailor makes clothes.

1.   Where do doctors work? ______________________________

2.   What does a doctor do? ______________________________

3.   Where does a secretary work? ______________________________

4.   What do secretaries do? ______________________________

5.   Where does a mechanic work? ______________________________

6.   What does a mechanic do? ______________________________

7.   Where do teachers work? ______________________________

8.   What does a teacher do? ______________________________

9.   What does a butcher do? ______________________________

10. What does a grocer sell? ______________________________

11. What does a greengrocer sell? ______________________________

12. What does a dentist do? ______________________________

13. What does a barber do? ______________________________

14. Where does a waiter work? ______________________________

15. Where do nurses work? ______________________________

16. What do singers do? ______________________________

17. What does a guitarist do? ______________________________

18. What does a footballer do? ______________________________

19. What does a student do? ______________________________

20. What does a porter do? ______________________________

21. What does an English teacher do? ___________________________

22. What does a pianist do? ______________________________

23. Where does a typist work? ______________________________

24. What does a taxi driver do? ______________________________

 

F- Answer the following questions.

Example: Where do you live?                                I live in Ankara.

1.   What time do you usually get up? ___________________________

2.   Where does your father work? ___________________________

3.   Where do you have lunch? ___________________________

4.   Where does your mother have lunch? _________________________

5.   What time do you go bed? ___________________________

6.   What do you usually do in the evening? ______________________

7.   What do you usually do on Sundays? _________________________

8.   Where does a waiter work? ___________________________

9.   Where do your parents work? ___________________________

10. How do you go to school? ___________________________

11. How often do you play football? ___________________________

12. When do you have breakfast? ___________________________

13. What do you usually have for breakfast? ______________________

14. How often do you study English? ___________________________

15. What do you usually drink in the morning? _____________________

16. Where do you do your homework? ___________________________

17. Who do you usually study with? ___________________________

18. Where does a doctor work? ___________________________

19. What does a mechanic do? ___________________________

20. What time do you go to bed? ___________________________

21. How much money do you spend a week? ______________________

22. What does a secretary do? ___________________________

23. How often do you go to the library? _________________________

24. Where does a teacher work? ___________________________

 

G- Rewrite the following sentences by changing the subject of the sentences to the third person singular. Use my brother, my mother, she etc. (All of the (e)s endings in this exercise are pronounced /s/)

Example: I work in Istanbul.  My father works in Istanbul.

                               I rarely cough.                        He rarely coughs.

1.   I get up early. ___________________________

2.   I work in an office. ___________________________

3.   I start work at 9. ___________________________

4.   I write letters every week. ___________________________

5.   I eat lunch at home. ___________________________

6.   I keep my money in my wallet. ___________________________

7.   I stop talking when the bell rings. ___________________________

8.   I like ice cream. ___________________________

9.   I want to be a teacher. ___________________________

10. I ask my father questions. ___________________________

11. I visit my grandfather every Friday. ___________________________

12. I lock the door every evening. ___________________________

13. I post my letters in the afternoon. ___________________________

14. I repeat what the teacher says. ___________________________

15.    I sometimes laugh. ___________________________

16. I speak English and Turkish. ___________________________

17.    I put on my uniform when I go to school. ______________________

18.    I sleep eight hours a day. ___________________________

19. I sometimes break a glass. ___________________________

20.    I sometimes make mistakes. ___________________________

21. I help my mother. ___________________________

22.    I walk every morning. ___________________________

23.    I always talk seriously. ___________________________

24. I rarely smoke. ___________________________

 

H- Rewrite the following sentences by changing the subject of the sentences to the third person singular. Use my brother, my mother, she etc. (All of the (e)s endings in this exercise are pronounced /z/)

Example: I live in Istanbul.                    My brother lives in Istanbul.

      I listen to folk music.       She listens to folk music.

1.   I clean my room every day. ___________________________

2.   I sometimes send postcards to my friends.

      __________________________________________

3.   I phone my father in the evening. ___________________________

4.   I leave home at 8 o'clock. ___________________________

5.   I answer the questions easily. ___________________________

6.   I tell them stories. ___________________________

7.   I stay at home when it rains. ___________________________

8.   I play with my friends. ___________________________

9.   I run in the morning. ___________________________

10. I come to school by bus. ___________________________

11. I read a book every week. ___________________________

12. I go to work on foot. ___________________________

13. I buy a newspaper every morning. ___________________________

14. I arrive home at 5.30. ___________________________

15. I prefer tea to coffee. ___________________________

16. I enjoy reading. ___________________________

17. I begin work at 8.30. ___________________________

18. I swim in the sea. ___________________________

19. I stand up when the teacher comes in. _________________________

20. I learn new words every day. ___________________________

21. I turn off the TV when I go to bed. ___________________________

22. I never cry. ___________________________

23. I sometimes borrow money from my friends.

      ______________________________________________

24. I need some stamps. ___________________________

 

I- Rewrite the following sentences by changing the subject of the sentences to the third person singular. Use my brother, my mother, she etc, (All of the (e)s endings in this exercise are pronounced /iz/)

Example: I wash my face every day.     My sister washes her face every day.

                               I rarely watch television.       He rarely watches television.

1.   I practice my English. ___________________________

2.   I relax when I get home. ___________________________

3.   I sometimes scratch my head. ___________________________

4.   I brush my teeth every evening. ___________________________

5.   I catch the 8.30 bus every morning. ___________________________

6.   I choose the presents myself. ___________________________

7.   I teach English. ___________________________

8.   I memorize the new words. ___________________________

9.   I finish work at 5.30. ___________________________

10. I wish to get good marks. ___________________________

11. I close the shop at 6 o'clock. ___________________________

12. I change my clothes before I go to bed.

      ____________________________________________

13. I dress very quickly. ___________________________

14. I pass my class every year. ___________________________

15. I revise my notes before the exam. ___________________________

16. I raise wheat. ___________________________

17. I manage a hotel. ___________________________

18. I fix radios. ___________________________

19. I sometimes dance. ___________________________

20. I sometimes surprise people. ___________________________

21. I use the buses a lot. ___________________________

22. I publish six books every year. ___________________________

23. I polish my shoes every week. ___________________________

24. I always lose my keys. ___________________________

 

J- Change the following sentences to simple present tense.

Example: I am writing a letter. (every week)          I write a letter every week.

                   She is listening to the radio. (every day)              She listens to the radio every day.

1.   She is cooking dinner. (every evening)

      ______________________________________________________

2.   They are playing table tennis. (every week)

      ______________________________________________________

3.   He is helping his mother. (sometimes)

      ______________________________________________________

4.   I am drinking tea. (in the morning)

      ______________________________________________________

5.   He is doing his homework. (at home)

      ______________________________________________________

6.   She is going to school. (at 8)

      ______________________________________________________

7.   We are studying English. (in the evening)

8.   He is washing his car. (once a week)

      ______________________________________________________

9.   Is he reading a newspaper? (every day)

      ______________________________________________________

10. Are they walking? (every day)

      ______________________________________________________

11. She isn't having breakfast. (every morning)

      ______________________________________________________

12. He is having lunch. (at 1 o'clock)

      ______________________________________________________

13. We aren't going to work. (on Sunday)

      ______________________________________________________

14. Is she doing her homework? (every day)

      ______________________________________________________

15. It isn't raining. (in July)

      ______________________________________________________

16. Are you typing a letter? (every day)

      ______________________________________________________

17. He is watching TV. (every evening)

      ______________________________________________________

18. He isn't teaching English. (every day)

      ______________________________________________________

19. The boys are running. (every morning)

      ______________________________________________________

20. I am staying at home. (when it rains)

      ______________________________________________________

21. He is doing a crossword puzzle. (every Sunday)

      ______________________________________________________

22. She is typing the letters. (every day)

      ______________________________________________________

23. Are they fishing? (every weekend)

      ______________________________________________________

 

K- Ask information questions beginning with the words in brackets.

Example: I get home at 7 o'clock. (What time)      What time do you get home?

                               She types carefully. (How)                                      How does she type?

1.   Ali lives in a flat. (Where)

      ______________________________________________________

2.   The students study very hard. (How)

      ______________________________________________________

3.   The milkman comes at 7.30. (What time)

      ______________________________________________________

4.   My father goes to work in the morning. (When)

      ______________________________________________________

5.   Mr. and Mrs. Smith live on the third floor. (Who)

      ______________________________________________________

6.   I like Hasan's bicycle. (Whose)

      ______________________________________________________

7.   My brother runs every morning. (What)

      ______________________________________________________

8.   He buys a newspaper every day. (What)

      ______________________________________________________

9.   He goes to the theatre once a month. (How often)

      ______________________________________________________

10. She drinks a lot of tea. (How much)

      ______________________________________________________

11. He gets up early because he starts work early. (Why)

      ______________________________________________________

12. He speaks three languages. (How many)

      ______________________________________________________

13. I prefer the blue shirt. (Which)

      ______________________________________________________

14. The policeman wants to see you. (Whom)

      ______________________________________________________

15. I don't like him because he talks a lot. (Why)

      ______________________________________________________

16. He doesn't like chocolate. (What)

      ______________________________________________________

17. He speaks English fluently. (How)

      ______________________________________________________

18. He doesn't drink coffee in the morning. (What)

      ______________________________________________________

19. He goes skiing in the winter. (When)

      ______________________________________________________

20. My parents work in a hospital. (Where)

21. She goes to work by bus. (How)

      ______________________________________________________

22. Bill runs very fast. (Who)

      ______________________________________________________

23. He has two brothers. (How many)

      ______________________________________________________

24. They drive dangerously. (How)

      ______________________________________________________

 

7- ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY

A- Insert adverbs of frequency in the following sentences like always, usually, sometimes, never, rarely, generally, occasionally, etc.

Example: I drink coffee.                         I never drink coffee.

                               I visit my parents.  I often visit my parents.

1.   I watch TV. ________________________________

2.   I go to the cinema. ________________________________

3.   I study English. ________________________________

4.   I get angry. ________________________________

5.   I play football. ________________________________

6.   I drink wine. ________________________________

7.   I go to school by bus. ________________________________

8.   I sleep after lunch. ________________________________

9.   I get up early. ________________________________

10. I go to bed early. ________________________________

11. I have breakfast at home. ________________________________

12. I have soup for breakfast. ________________________________

13. I sing songs. ________________________________

14. I write letters. ________________________________

15. I listen to the radio. ________________________________

16. I buy a newspaper. ________________________________

17. I make tea. ________________________________

18. I do the washing up. ________________________________

19. I play the guitar. ________________________________

20. I run in the morning. ________________________________

21. I smoke. ________________________________

22. I go to the mosque. ________________________________

23. I speak English. ________________________________

24.    I have breakfast in bed. ________________________________

 

B- Rewrite the sentences above about your father, mother, brother or a friend.

Example: I drink coffee.                         My father never drinks coffee.

                               I visit my parents.  My friend sometimes visits his parents.

 

8- SIMPLE PRESENT and PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

A- Make sentences as in the example.

Example:    he - drink tea – coffee       He usually drinks tea but now he is drinking coffee.

                   I - play golf – tennis            I usually play golf but now I am playing tennis.

1.   she - wear a skirt - a dress

      __________________________________________________

2.   he - eat steak – fish

      __________________________________________________

3.   they - play football – basketball

      __________________________________________________

4.   we - travel by bus - train.

      __________________________________________________

5.   I - study science - English

      __________________________________________________

6.   he – run – walk

      __________________________________________________

7.   she - help her mother – father

      __________________________________________________

8.   he - read slowly – fast

      __________________________________________________

9.   they - watch TV - listen to the radio

      __________________________________________________

10. I - have tea – milk

11. he - have a shower – bath

      __________________________________________________

12. the cat - drink milk – water

      __________________________________________________

13. Mr. Smith - wear a uniform – suit

      __________________________________________________

14. she - have lunch at home – restaurant

      __________________________________________________

15. he - play the guitar – violin

      __________________________________________________

16. they - stay in a hotel – tent

      __________________________________________________

17. we - study in the evening - watch TV

      __________________________________________________

18. she - teach English – Turkish

      __________________________________________________

19. I - write a letter to my parents – postcard

      __________________________________________________

20. he - speak German – French

      __________________________________________________

21. he - drive to school – walk

      __________________________________________________

22. we - speak Turkish – English

      __________________________________________________

23. they - eat chicken – fish

      __________________________________________________

24. the baby – laugh – cry

                __________________________________________________

9- SIMPLE PRESENT or PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE?

A- Supply a suitable present tense of the verbs in brackets. Use simple present or present continuous tense.

Example: I_______ English now. (study)                            I am studying English now.

                               He never_______ watch. (wear)           He never wears a watch

1.   I sometimes_______ TV (watch)

2.   My brother never_______ tea in the morning. (drink)

3.   He _______ coffee now. (drink)

4.   What_______ the children _______ in the kitchen? (do)

5.   They _______ something. (eat)

6.   I usually _______ up at seven o'clock. (get)

7.   He _______ because he is late. (run)

8.   He usually _______ a blue shirt but today he _______ a green one (wear)

9.   My father_______ in an office. (work)

10. Look at that man! He _______ something. (steal)

11. Don't make any noise! Somebody_______ us. (follow)

12. The sun _______ in the east. (rise)

13. It never_______ in Saudi Arabia. (snow)

14. The manager_______ on the telephone now. (talk)

15. My mother_______ very well. (cook)

16. My father_______ every day. (work)

17. She _______ at present. (work)

18. What_______ a driver_______? (do)

19. How _______ you _______ to school? (go)

20. _______ you ever_______ your parents? (miss)

21. Listen! Somebody _______ a song. (sing)

22. I always _______ people (help)

23. My father is a doctor. What_______ your father_______? (do)

24. They _______ dinner at the moment. (have)

 

B- Supply a suitable present tense of the verbs in brackets. Use simple present or present continuous tense.

Example: I_______ a car now. (see)                     I see a car now.

                               He _______ at me now. (look)              He is looking at me now.

1.   I_______ it now. (understand)

2.   He _______ a cup of tea now (want)

3.   He _______ to you now. (listen)

4.   I_______ them very well now. (hear)

5.   I_______ he is very rich now. (think)

6.   He _______ about his parents now. (think)

7.   I_______ that man very well now. (know)

8.   He _______ me a story now. (tell)

9.   She _______ in the kitchen now. (cook)

10. My father_______ my new friend very much now. (like)

11. I_______ you now. (believe)

12. He _______ her some questions now. (ask)

13. They _______ the football match now. (watch)

14. He _______ a new car now. (need)

15. He _______ his homework now. (do)

16. I_______ it now. (remember)

17. Those flowers_______ wonderful now. (smell)

18. I_______ him now. (recognize)

19. This house _______ to my brother now. (belong)

20. He _______ a newspaper now. (read)

21. I_______ him very much now. (love)

22. He _______ a new car now. (have)

23. He _______ dinner row. (have)

24. She _______ me now. (hate)

10- ADJECTIVES and ADVERBS

A- Respond as in the example.

Example: Ali is a careful worker.                          Yes, he works carefully.

                               They are noisy workers.        Yes, they work noisily.

1.   Bill is a slow worker. ____________________________

2.   Mehmet is a careful driver. ____________________________

3.   They are dangerous drivers. ____________________________

4.   Mary is a careless typist. ____________________________

5.   Ali is a regular worker. ____________________________

6.   Zeynep is a fluent speaker. ____________________________

7.   Bob is a bad actor. ____________________________

8.   My mother is a good cook. ____________________________

9.   My brother is a fast runner. ____________________________

10. The twins are hard workers. ____________________________

11. Peter is a bad player. ____________________________

12. George is a fast driver. ____________________________

13. He is a good writer. ____________________________

14. She is a polite speaker. ____________________________

15. Hasan is a serious worker. ____________________________

16. They are heavy smokers. ____________________________

17.    He is a good teacher. ____________________________

18. She is a fast swimmer. ____________________________

19.    They are quiet workers. ____________________________

20. He is a fast painter. ____________________________

21. They are busy workers. ____________________________

22. She is a quick typist. ____________________________

23. We are hard workers. ____________________________

24. He is a careful driver. ____________________________

 

B- Rewrite the following sentences changing the adjectives in brackets to adverbs.

Example: My brother walks (slow).     My brother walks slowly.

                               They work (serious).                             They work seriously.

1.   He listens to people (patient). ____________________________

2.   He behaves (gentle) towards everybody. ________________________

3.   My little brother plays (noisy). ____________________________

4.   Dogs run (fast). ____________________________

5.   I always get up (early). ____________________________

6.   She sometimes gets up (late). ____________________________

7.   He reacts (immediate). ____________________________

8.   They live (happy). ____________________________

9.   It is raining (heavy). ____________________________

10. She cooks (good). ____________________________

11. The teacher speaks (slow). ____________________________

12. My brother types (bad). ____________________________

13. They work (hard). ____________________________

14. He gets angry (easy). ____________________________

15. He watches everybody (suspicious). __________________________

16. He goes to school (unwilling). ____________________________

17. She speaks (careless). ____________________________

18. He walks (quick). ____________________________

19. He acts (responsible). ____________________________

20. He changes his mind (sudden). ____________________________

21. She drives (careful). ____________________________

22. He speaks (fluent). ____________________________

23. He sings (beautiful). ____________________________

24. I drive (dangerous). ____________________________

11- ADJECTIVES or ADVERBS?

Rewrite the following sentences using the correct forms of the adjectives in brackets.

Example: He types (bad).                                     He types badly.

                               She is a (good) cook.              She is a good cook.

1.   He is a very (intelligent) student. ____________________________

2.   He is a (careless) worker. ____________________________

3.   They play (fast). ____________________________

4.   The teacher always asks (difficult) questions.

      _________________________________________

5.   All answers the questions (easy). ____________________________

6.   My brother walks very (quick). ____________________________

7.   The grocer speaks (polite). ____________________________

8.   This chair is very (comfortable). ____________________________

9.   That waiter is very (rude). ____________________________

10. He always behaves (respectful). ____________________________

11. Mr. Smith lives (comfortable). ____________________________

12. He does his homework (careful). ____________________________

13. They are talking (loud). ____________________________

14. They are very (serious) students. ____________________________

15. She plays the piano (good). ____________________________

16. He does everything (successful). ____________________________

17. They work (rapid). ____________________________

18. The MP speaks (fluent). ____________________________

19. He answers the questions (honest). ____________________________

20. The answers are all (incorrect). ____________________________

21. This animal is very (dangerous). ____________________________

22. The children are playing (noisy). ____________________________

23. He drives (careless). ____________________________

24.    She works (hard). ____________________________

 

- ADJECTIVES (Comparatives)

A- Make comparative sentences as in the example.

Example: English – easy – Turkish       English is easier than Turkish.

                               My car – fast - your car                        My car is faster than your car.

1.   Ankara – big – Izmir ____________________________

2.   A plane – fast - a car ____________________________

3.   Ali – tall – Mehmet ____________________________

4.   Science – easy – maths ____________________________

5.   Russia – large – China ____________________________

6.   A newspaper – cheap - a magazine ____________________________

7.   Michael – short – Brian ____________________________

8.   Physics – hard - chemistry____________________________

9.   Our radio – old - our TV set ____________________________

10. A cat – small – a dog ____________________________

11. A table – heavy - a chair ____________________________

12. Our teacher – young – yours ____________________________

13. The Mississippi – long - the Nile ____________________________

14. This road – wide - that road ____________________________

15. Our classroom – clean - yours____________________________

16. That boxer – strong - the champion ____________________________

17. Istanbul – warm – Ankara ____________________________

18. My brother – short – me ____________________________

19. A new car – good - an old one ____________________________

20. An armchair – soft - a chair ____________________________

21. Thirst – bad – hunger ____________________________

22. I – fat – you ____________________________

23. A chair – light - a table ____________________________

24. My brother – thin - my sister ____________________________

 

B- Make comparative sentences as in the example.

Example:    football – exciting – volleyball            Football is more exciting than volleyball.

                   Ali – respectful - his brother                Ali is more respectful than his brother.

1.   football – interesting – basketball ____________________________

2.   Japanese – difficult – English ____________________________

3.   radio – boring – television ____________________________

4.   an armchair – comfortable - a chair __________________________

5.   a motorbike – expensive - a bike ____________________________

6.   Tom – intelligent – George ____________________________

7.   your story – believable - his story ____________________________

8.   a Mercedes – beautiful - a Renault ___________________________

9.   Bill – careful – Bob ____________________________

10. gold – valuable – silver ____________________________

11. morality – important – economy ____________________________

12. Osman – careless - his brother ____________________________

13. boxing – dangerous – wrestling ____________________________

14. a – mule stubborn – a goat ____________________________

15. a Volkswagen – economical - a Ford __________________________

16. this book – useful - that one ____________________________

17. Tom – experienced – George ____________________________

18. a calculator – practical - an abacus ____________________________

19. drinking – harmful – smoking ____________________________

20. he – generous - his father ____________________________

21. Mary – successful – Alice ____________________________

22. She – careless - her brother ____________________________

23. Ali – impolite –Veli ____________________________

24. He – impatient - his father ____________________________

13- ADJECTIVES (Superlatives)

Rewrite the following sentences using the superlative forms of the adjectives in brackets.

Example:    Mehmet is (fat) student in our class. Mehmet is the fattest student in our class.

                               This is (important) rule of all. This is the most important rule of all.

1.   Mt Everest is (high) mountain in the world.

      _________________________________________

2.   Mississippi is (long) river in the world.

      _________________________________________

3.   The USSR is (large) country in the world.

      _________________________________________

4.   Japanese is (difficult) language of all.

      _________________________________________

5.   This is (interesting) film I have ever seen.

      _________________________________________

6.   Tom is (tall) of all.

      _________________________________________

7.   Concorde is (fast) plane of all.

      _________________________________________

8.   He is (intelligent) person I have ever met.

      _________________________________________

9.   Esperanto is (easy) language in the world.

      _________________________________________

10. He is (fat) man in the world.

      _________________________________________

11. She is (thin) woman in the world.

      _________________________________________

12. This is (expensive) car I have ever driven.

      _________________________________________

13. This is (delicious) food I have ever eaten.

      _________________________________________

14. Who is (short) man in the world?

      _________________________________________

15. Bill is (good) driver in our town.

      _________________________________________

16. Mehmet is (fast) runner of all.

      _________________________________________

17. This is (bad) book I have ever read.

      _________________________________________

18. What is (dangerous) sport in the world?

      _________________________________________

19. Richard is (lazy) of all.

      _________________________________________

20. Who is (popular) person in the world?

      _________________________________________

21. Ali is (generous) person I know.

      _________________________________________

22. Where is (near) post office?

      _________________________________________

23. This is (exciting) game I have ever watched.

      _________________________________________

24. Who is (tall) man in the world?

      _________________________________________

 

14- ADJECTIVES or ADVERBS?

Rewrite the following sentences using the correct forms of the adjectives in brackets.

Example: I am (Tall) than that boy.                      I am taller than that boy.

                               He drives very (dangerous).   He drives very dangerously.

1.   My mother is a (good) cook. She cooks (good).

      _________________________________________

2.   My brother runs (fast) than me.

      _________________________________________

3.   All is a (careless) driver.

      _________________________________________

4.   The new secretary types (good) but the old one typed (good) than her.

      _________________________________________

5.   Have you got a (beautiful) dress than that?

      _________________________________________

6.   Can you walk as (quick) as him?

      _________________________________________

7.   He is as (quick) as you.

      _________________________________________

8.   My grandpa is (old) than my grandma.

      _________________________________________

9.   He is a (fast) worker. He works (fast).

      _________________________________________

10. He cooks (bad) but I cook (bad) than him.

      _________________________________________

11. He works (hard) of the three.

      _________________________________________

12. This one is too (big) for me. I want a (small) one.

      _________________________________________

13. Kizilirmak is (long) river in Turkey.

      _________________________________________

14. I made (few) mistakes than you.

      _________________________________________

15. She earned (little) money than her brother.

      _________________________________________

16. He works (much) than his colleague.

      _________________________________________

17. He is (old) than I expected.

      _________________________________________

18. This armchair is (comfortable) than that one.

      _________________________________________

19. She doesn't prepare her homework as (careful) as she used to.

      _________________________________________

20. Who is (famous) man in the world?

      _________________________________________

21. He drives (dangerous) of all.

      _________________________________________

22. It wasn't as (expensive) as I thought.

      _________________________________________

23. She typed (careful) of all.

      _________________________________________

24. He is (tall) man I have ever seen.

      _________________________________________

15- TO BE (Past)

A- Change the following sentences to past tense using the time expressions in brackets.

Example: He is ill. (yesterday)                                             He was ill yesterday.

                               We are at home. (last night)   We were at home last night.

1.   She is late. (last night) ________________________

2.   The cat is hungry. (yesterday) ________________________

3.   I am tired. (this morning) ________________________

4.   The students are noisy. (five minutes ago) ________________________

5.   My father is in Germany. (last year) ________________________

6.   There is a man outside. (an hour ago) ________________________

7.   The doors are closed. (at 8 o'clock) ________________________

8.   He is a good player. (three years ago) ________________________

9.   The children are in the living room. (an hour ago)

      ________________________________________________

10. The weather is fine. (yesterday) ________________________

11. He is a good actor. (when I was a boy) ________________________

12. There are some newspapers on the table. (two hours ago)

      ________________________________________________

13. The boss is angry. (this morning) ________________________

14. They are in Adana. (a fortnight ago) ________________________

15. The sea is warm. (yesterday afternoon) ________________________

16. My parents are in the kitchen. (five minutes ago)

      ________________________________________________

17. There are two men in the shop. (a minute ago)

      ________________________________________________

18. The firemen are on the roof. (at five o'clock)

      ________________________________________________

19. There is a bus at the bus stop. (a minute ago)

      _______________________________________________

20. He is a teacher. (in 1987) ________________________

21. The boy is late. (yesterday morning) ________________________

22. She is a secretary (two years ago) ________________________

23.    They are sad. (last night) ________________________

24. He is in London. (in 1989) ________________________

 

B- Respond as in the example.

Example:    He was in Berlin. (Madrid)    Was he in Berlin? No, he wasn't. Where was he? He was in Madrid.

                   The play was boring. (interesting)     Was the play boring? No, it wasn't. How was it? It was interesting.

1.   She was a cook last year. (secretary)

      ________________________________________________

2.   The weather was warm yesterday. (cool)

      ________________________________________________

3.   It was a plane. (helicopter)

      ________________________________________________

4.   It was Ali. (Mehmet)

      ________________________________________________

5.   They were in Antalya last summer. (Burdur)

      ________________________________________________

6.   The car was new. (a bit old)

      ________________________________________________

7.   The workers were outside the factory. (inside)

      ________________________________________________

8.   He was late because of the traffic. (fog)

      ________________________________________________

9.   The students were lazy. (studious)

      ________________________________________________

10. The questions were difficult. (easy)

      ________________________________________________

11. He was the Prime Minister. (the President)

      ________________________________________________

12. It was a video cassette. (audio cassette)

      ________________________________________________

13. They were at home. (at work)

      ________________________________________________

14.    She was tall. (short)

      ________________________________________________

15. The cat under the table. (chair)

      ________________________________________________

16. He was in Britain. (France)

      ________________________________________________

17. They were happy. (sad)

      ________________________________________________

18. He was ill last week. (fine)

      ________________________________________________

19. The meeting was on Wednesday. (Tuesday)

      ________________________________________________

20. The football match was at two o'clock. (three)

      ________________________________________________

21. He was in Germany five years ago. (France)

      ________________________________________________

22. The dictionary was on the desk. (in the bookcase)

      ________________________________________________

23. The door was closed. (open)

      ________________________________________________

24. The suitcases were heavy. (light)

      ________________________________________________

16- TELLING THE TIME

Tell the following times in two ways as in the example.

Example: 7.15         It is a quarter past seven.      It is seven fifteen.

1.   1.15 ___________________          25. 9.27 ___________________

2.   3.30 ___________________          26.           8.39 ___________________

3.   7.20 ___________________          27.           13.55 ___________________

4.   8.40 ___________________          28.           14.05 ___________________

5.   9.15 ___________________          29.           17.59 ___________________

6.   10.05 ___________________        30.           5.33 ___________________

7.   2.55 ___________________          31.           13.58 ___________________

8.   4.35 ___________________          32.           11.11 ___________________

9.   7.00 ___________________          33.           9.22 ___________________

10. 5.25 ___________________          34.           10.44 ___________________

11. 11.40 ___________________        35.           23.55 ___________________

12. 12.35 ___________________        36.           22.22 ___________________

13. 2.10 ___________________          37.           19.37 ___________________

14. 6.30 ___________________          38.           13.28 ___________________

15. 8.45 ___________________          39.           8.48 ___________________

16. 9.50 ___________________          40.           6.32 ___________________

17. 11.55 ___________________        41.           11.47 ___________________

18. 1.10 ___________________          42.           22.36 ___________________

19. 2.15 ___________________          43.           13.23 ___________________

20. 6.35 ___________________          44.           9.19 ___________________

21. 6.05 ___________________          45.           12.08 ___________________

22. 9.35 ___________________          46.           22.57 ___________________

23. 3.55 ___________________          47.           13.18 ___________________

24. 12.30 ___________________        48.           19.26 ___________________

 

17- POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

Complete the following sentences using possessive adjectives that refer to the subject of the sentence.

Example: I am looking at        ______ watch.                        I am looking at my watch.

                               The man is looking for______ hat.                        The man is looking for his hat.

1.   I am doing ______ homework.

2.   My father is reading ______ newspaper.

3.   My sister likes______ school very much.

4.   You always write to ______ parents.

5.   The cat is drinking ______ milk.

6.   We like ______ teacher very much.

7.   My brothers sometimes go out with ______ friends.

8.   The waitress is washing ______ hands.

9.   The firemen are putting on ______ uniforms.

10. Mr. Taylor never washes ______ car.

11. Ali and Veli ride ______ bicycles in the park.

12. My sister and I do ______ homework together.

13. The dog is wagging ______ tail.

14. Mr. Brown takes ______ son to school every morning.

15. Mrs. Brown takes______ daughter to school every day.

16. You and your brother always phone ______ parents.

17. These women are talking about______ husbands.

18. My nephew is talking to ______ teacher now.

19. This man wants ______ money.

20. The thieves don't want to tell ______ names.

21. My niece is helping ______ father.

22. We are waiting for______ teacher.

23. The children are looking for______ ball.

24. The boy is calling ______ mother.

 

18- OBJECT PRONOUNS

Rewrite the following sentences using object pronouns for the underlined words.

Example: Can you see that boy?                           Can you see him?

                               Open those boxes.                                 Open them.

1.   I know those policemen. ________________________

2.   That boy likes his father a lot. ________________________

3.   I sometimes see your parents. ________________________

4.   She never phones her mother from the office.

      ________________________________________________

5.   The boss is talking to the headwaiter. ________________________

6.   The police are looking for you and me. ________________________

7.   I want to see you and your brother immediately.

      ________________________________________________

8.   This car belongs to Mr. Miller. ________________________

9.   I don't like that book. ________________________

10. Give those pictures to me. ________________________

11. Do you know that man? ________________________

12. That man is looking for your father. ________________________

13. That house belongs to our family. ________________________

14. Do you miss your grandmother? ________________________

15. She always plays with her friends. ________________________

16. Give me the chair behind Jim. ________________________

17. He sometimes listens to records. ________________________

18. He sends the letters in the afternoon. ________________________

19. I want to talk to Mrs. Bailey. ________________________

20. They don't like the new building. ________________________

21. Tell the children to come in. ________________________

22. I will call my aunt. ________________________

23. The secretary is typing the report. ________________________

24. Send the books to your uncle.  ________________________

19- POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

Rewrite the following sentences using possessive pronouns.

Example: This is my car.                                       This car is mine. It is mine.

                               These are our shoes.              These shoes are ours. They are ours.

1.   This is my book. ________________________

2.   They are our bicycles. ________________________

3.   That is her bracelet. ________________________

4.   This is his ball. ________________________

5.   Those are your postcards. ________________________

6.   This is my jacket. ________________________

7.   This is Mr. White's suitcase. ________________________

8.   That is his carpet ________________________

9.   This is her cat. ________________________

10. That is our house. ________________________

11. Those are their coats. ________________________

12. Those are my books. ________________________

13. That is your tie. ________________________

14. That is Mary's dictionary. ________________________

15. Those are Mehmet's pens. ________________________

16. This is your room. ________________________

17. These are their tables. ________________________

18. That is the teacher's chair. ________________________

19. This is their factory. ________________________

20. These are the policeman's revolvers. ________________________

21. Those are Ali's stamps. ________________________

22. That is your uncle's car. ________________________

23. This is their flat. ________________________

24. These are our tools. ________________________

20- PRONOUNS and POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

Rewrite the following sentences using pronouns or possessive adjectives for the underlined words.

Example: The hostess is serving the passengers.  She is serving them.

                               Ahmet is reading the newspaper.                          He is reading it.

1.   Mr. Jones is phoning Mrs. Jones. _________________________

2.   Barbara visits Mr. and Mrs. Miller every week.

      ________________________________________________

3.   The policemen are looking for me and my brother.

      ________________________________________________

4.   Tom is carrying his father's suitcase. _________________________

5.   There is a man in front of Ali. _________________________

6.   My brother and I are singing. Listen to my brother and me.

      ________________________________________________

7.   This isn't my jacket. It is my brother's jacket.

      ________________________________________________

8.   That is my mother's handbag. _________________________

9.   I can see you and your brother. _________________________

10. That isn't my coat. It is your coat. _________________________

11. The waitress is bringing the chicken to us.

      ________________________________________________

12. My brother and I like our school very much.

      ________________________________________________

13. Is that your brother's umbrella. No, It is my mother's.

14. Ali and Veli want to see your father. _________________________

15. The dog is following you and me. _________________________

16. Zeynep is bringing us some tea. _________________________

17. The children are playing. Watch the children.

      ________________________________________________

18. Who is the man next to Hasan? _________________________

19. My parents live in Aksaray. _________________________

20. Give the book on the table to me. _________________________

21. The policewoman is looking for you and your brother.

      ________________________________________________

22. Bill's mother is waiting for Bill. _________________________

23. The cat is running after the mice. _________________________

24. This isn't our house. It is their house. _________________________

 

21- SIMPLE PAST TENSE (Regular Verbs)

A- Change the following sentences to simple past tense. (All of the ed endings in this exercise are pronounced /d/.)

Example: He pulls teeth.                                       He pulled teeth.

                               I turn on the radio.                 I turned on the radio.

1.   I clean my room. _________________________

2.   They receive letters. _________________________

3.   We change our clothes. _________________________

4.   I memorize the dialogues. _________________________

5.   They follow the criminals. _________________________

6.   He lives in a flat. _________________________

7.   She answers the questions. _________________________

8.   It rains a lot. _________________________

9.   They stay at a hotel. _________________________

10. He arrives at 9 o'clock. _________________________

11. He prefers tea. _________________________

12. She cries a lot. _________________________

13. I listen to the radio. _________________________

14. I borrow money from my friend. _________________________

15. I turn off the TV at 11 o'clock. _________________________

16. They move the tables. _________________________

17. They call their leader. _________________________

18. He climbs through the window. _________________________

19. He robs banks. _________________________

20. He begs for money. _________________________

21. She uses a pot to cook eggs. _________________________

22. They destroy the buildings. _________________________

23. They carry suitcases. _________________________

24. He closes the windows. _________________________

 

B- Change the following sentences to simple past tense. (All of the -ed endings in this exercise are pronounced /t/.)

Example: I wash my face.                      I washed my face.

                               He passes quickly.                 He passed quickly.

1.   They help their teacher. _________________________

2.   We work in a factory. _________________________

3.   They laugh a lot. _________________________

4.   The program finishes at 11 o'clock. _________________________

5.   I watch TV. _________________________

6.   I practice my English. _________________________

7.   She types the letters. _________________________

8.   He walks in the park. _________________________

9.   He relaxes in the evening. _________________________

10. She cooks delicious meals. _________________________

11. The dogs bark loudly. _________________________

12. He smokes heavily. _________________________

13. They ask questions. _________________________

14. The bus stops at the bus stop. _________________________

15. He locks the door. _________________________

16. She looks at her watch. _________________________

17. They kidnap children. _________________________

18. I brush my teeth. _________________________

19. He coughs a lot. _________________________

20. They publish new books. _________________________

21. They discuss politics. _________________________

22. He hopes to see you. _________________________

23. She talks a lot. _________________________

24. He drops everything. _________________________

 

C- Change the sentences above to question and answer in the negative.

Example: I wash my face.       Did you wash your face? No, I didn't wash my face.

 

D- Change the following sentences to simple past tense. (All of the -ed endings in this exercise are pronounced /id/.)

Example: He wants a new car.               He wanted a new car.

                               They plant flowers.                               They planted flowers.

1.   The lesson starts at 8.30. _________________________

2.   He invites his friends to dinner. _________________________

3.   I post the letters in the morning. _________________________

4.   He mends shoes. _________________________

5.   I need a lot of money. _________________________

6.   He paints the house. _________________________

7.   They repeat after the teacher. _________________________

8.   The plane lands at 5 o'clock. _________________________

9.   He reports the accidents. _________________________

10. I collect stamps. _________________________

11. She dusts the tables. _________________________

12. He intends to stay for a month. _________________________

13. He expects to find it. _________________________

14. He trusts me. _________________________

16. They invent stories. _________________________

17. He recommends good hotels. _________________________

18. He interrupts us. _________________________

19.    He shouts at his son. _________________________

20. He adds up figures. _________________________

21. He reminds me the dates. _________________________

22. She decorates the houses. _________________________

23. He waits for us. _________________________

24. He accepts her gifts. _________________________

22- SIMPLE PAST TENSE (Irregular Verbs)

A- Change the following sentences to simple past tense.

Example: I sleep well.                                           I slept well.

                               She speaks French.                She spoke French.

1.   He leaves home at 7 o'clock. _________________________

2.   I have breakfast at 7.30. _________________________

3.   He sweeps the rooms. _________________________

4.   He goes to work by bus. _________________________

5.   I eat lunch at 12 o'clock. _________________________

6.   She sends letters. _________________________

7.   He builds houses. _________________________

8.   We spend a lot of money. _________________________

9.   I run in the morning. _________________________

10. Work begins at 9 o'clock. _________________________

11. He speaks fluently. _________________________

12. He steals things. _________________________

13. She writes letters. _________________________

14. They win the games. _________________________

15. I read a lot. _________________________

16. I lose my pen. _________________________

17. He sings nice songs. _________________________

18. He shuts the doors. _________________________

19. He sees me. _________________________

20. They choose the presents. _________________________

21. The wind blows hard. _________________________

22. I catch the 8.10 train. _________________________

23. He does his homework. _________________________

24. He feels ill. _________________________

 

B- Change the sentences above to question and answer in the negative.

Example: I sleep well.                                             Did you sleep well? No, I didn't sleep well.

                   She speaks French   Did she speak French? No, she didn't speak French.

 

23- SIMPLE PAST TENSE

A- Change the following sentences to simple past tense. Change the time expressions, too.

Example: He goes to work every day.                  He went to work yesterday.

                               I study English every night.   I studied English last night.

1.   He catches the 8 o'clock train every morning.

                __________________________________________________

2.   He comes to school at 8.30. _____________________________

3.   He does his homework every night. ___________________________

4.   I clean my room every week. _____________________________

5.   He buys a new car every year. _____________________________

6.   They play football every Sunday. _____________________________

7.   I teach English every day. _____________________________

8.   We swim every summer. _____________________________

9.   He sells old books every Sunday. _____________________________

10. They drink tea every morning. _____________________________

11. They have a rest every afternoon. _____________________________

12. She sleeps after lunch every day. _____________________________

13. He gives me something every morning.

      __________________________________________________

14. He flies to America every month. _____________________________

15. He falls ill every winter. _____________________________

16. I drive to work every morning. _____________________________

17. I telephone my parents every week. ___________________________

18. They build a hotel every year. _____________________________

19. He travels to Europe every summer. ___________________________

20. He watches TV every night. _____________________________

21. She has dinner at 7.30 every evening. __________________________

22. He buys a new car every year. _____________________________

23. The baby cries every night._____________________________

24. They start work at 8.30 every morning.

      __________________________________________________

 

B- Answer the following sentences.

Example: What did you drink this morning?                        I drank tea.

                               How did you sleep last night?                                              I slept well.

1.   What time did you get up this morning?

      __________________________________________

2.   Where did you have dinner last night?

      __________________________________________

3.   What did you eat last night?

      __________________________________________

4.   What time did you go to bed last night?

      __________________________________________

5.   How did you come here?

      __________________________________________

6.   Where did you go yesterday?

      __________________________________________

7.   What time did you have breakfast this morning?

      __________________________________________

8.   What did you do after breakfast?

      __________________________________________

9.   What did you do after dinner last night?

      __________________________________________

10. What time did the first lesson start today?

      __________________________________________

11. What did you do last Sunday?

      __________________________________________

12. How many cups of tea did you drink yesterday?

      __________________________________________

13. What did you buy yesterday?

      __________________________________________

14. When did you begin to learn English?

      __________________________________________

15. Why did you begin to learn English?

      __________________________________________

16. Where did you go last Saturday?

      __________________________________________

17. How much money did you spend yesterday?

      __________________________________________

18. When did you last take an examination?

      __________________________________________

19. What did you read yesterday?

      __________________________________________

20. How many letters did you write last month?

      __________________________________________

21. Where were you last night?

      __________________________________________

22. What did you have for breakfast this morning?

      __________________________________________

23. What did you do last night?

      __________________________________________

24. Where did you sleep last night?

__________________________________________

 

C- Ask information questions for the underlined words.

Example: I wrote a letter.                                      What did you write?

                               He went to Ankara.                               Where did he go?

1.   The teacher wrote something on the board.

      __________________________________________

2.   The cat caught a mouse.  ____________________________

3.   I telephoned my father. ____________________________

4.   The police arrested the robbers. ____________________________

5.   The police arrested the robbers. ____________________________

6.   Sue typed three letters. ____________________________

7.   He went to England  last year. ____________________________

8.   The film finished at 2 o'clock. ____________________________

9.   They ran very fast. ____________________________

10. He rang the bell.  _____________________________________

11. They swam in the lake. ____________________________

12. She had bread and butter for breakfast.

      __________________________________________

13. He drank a little water. ____________________________

14. They started to build a new house. ___________________________

15. He made war films. ____________________________

16. They played football once a week. ___________________________

17. He came late because of the traffic. ___________________________

18. I saw something very interesting. ____________________________

19. He wanted the blue one. ____________________________

20. The meeting started late. ____________________________

21. Three people wanted to see you yesterday.

      __________________________________________

22. He didn't come because he was ill. __________________________

23. I saw Mr. White last night. ____________________________

24. The tall man stole the car. ____________________________

 

D- Ask an “or” question with the given prompts in the past tense. Then give an affirmative answer for the first item and a negative answer for the second one.

Example: he - buy a car - a bicycle        Did he buy a car or a bicycle?

                                                                                                              He bought a car. He didn't buy a bicycle.

1.   you - drink tea - coffee.

      _____________________________________________________

2.   they - go to Syria - Iran

      _____________________________________________________

3.   she - read a magazine - a newspaper

      _____________________________________________________

4.   he - drive a car - a bus.

      _____________________________________________________

5.   the cat - eat the fish - the meat

      _____________________________________________________

6.   the children - play football - basketball.

      _____________________________________________________

7.   she - learn French - German.

      _____________________________________________________

8.   we - leave home at 8 - 9

      _____________________________________________________

9.   he - speak Persian – Arabic

      _____________________________________________________

10. she - write a letter – postcard

      _____________________________________________________

11. he - walk quickly – slowly

      _____________________________________________________

12. they - travel by plane - train.

      _____________________________________________________

13. the lecture - begin at 3 - 4.30

      _____________________________________________________

14. he - bring a book - a dictionary

      _____________________________________________________

15. she - give you a pen - a pencil

      _____________________________________________________

16. they - paint the walls – doors

      _____________________________________________________

17. she - sing well – badly

      _____________________________________________________

18. you - meet at the station – airport

      _____________________________________________________

19. the dog - bite your arm – leg

      _____________________________________________________

20. the car - hit the tree - the lamp post

      _____________________________________________________

21. the man - sell his car - his flat

      _____________________________________________________

22. the girl - wear a necklace - a bracelet

      _____________________________________________________

23. the woman - wash the dishes - the windows

      _____________________________________________________

24. they - stay at a hotel - an inn

      _____________________________________________________

24- GOING TO FUTURE

A- Change the following sentences to going to future.

Example:    I drink tea every morning.                                  I am going to drink tea tomorrow morning.

                   I get up early every morning.              I am going to get up early tomorrow morning.

1.   He writes a letter every week. ____________________________

2.   He washes his car every Saturday. ____________________________

3.   I have lunch at a restaurant every day. __________________________

4.   They play table tennis every afternoon. _________________________

5.   We go to England every summer. ____________________________

6.   He shaves every morning. ____________________________

7.   She runs every morning. ____________________________

8.   He listens to the news at 8 o'clock. ____________________________

9.   They start work at 9 o'clock. ____________________________

10. She watches TV every evening. ____________________________

11. I listen to the radio every day. ____________________________

12. The teacher tells us a joke every week. _________________________

13. The milkman comes at 7 o'clock every morning. ___________________

14. We have an exam every week. ____________________________

15. I study English every night. ____________________________

16. She washes the dishes every night. ____________________________

17. The children play football every day. ____________________________

18. They paint their house every year. ____________________________

19. She visits her parents every week. ____________________________

20. She drinks milk every morning. ____________________________

21. He buys a newspaper every morning. _________________________

22. They walk to work every morning. ____________________________

23. He calls his parents every evening. ____________________________

 

B- Ask questions and give answers in going to future tense as in the example.

Example:    you – sleep – study                           Are you going to sleep? No, I am not. What are you going to do? I am going to study.

1.   you - watch TV - read the newspaper.

      ________________________________________________________

2.   you – shave - have a haircut.

      ________________________________________________________

3.   she – run - play tennis.

      ________________________________________________________

4.   he - drink tea - coffee.

      ________________________________________________________

5.   they - play table tennis - football.

      ________________________________________________________

6.   you - brush your teeth - wash the dishes.

      ________________________________________________________

7.   he - eat a sandwich - a hamburger.

      ________________________________________________________

8.   she - type the letter - answer the telephone.

      ________________________________________________________

9.   you - wash your car - paint the doors.

      ________________________________________________________

10. they – ski - skate.

      ________________________________________________________

11. she - ride her bicycle - a horse.

      ________________________________________________________

12. he - buy a car - a bike.

      ________________________________________________________

13. you – walk - have a rest.

      ________________________________________________________

14. they - win the match - lose the match.

      ________________________________________________________

15. dog – bark - sleep.

16. they - listen to the radio - study English.

      ________________________________________________________

17. you - stay at home - go out.

      ________________________________________________________

18. he - ask a question - tell a joke.

      ________________________________________________________

19. she - play chess - have a drink.

      ________________________________________________________

20. you - phone him - write a letter.

      ________________________________________________________

21. she - draw a picture - read a book.

      ________________________________________________________

22. they - watch the match on TV - go to the stadium.

      ________________________________________________________

23. you – sleep - help my mother.

      ________________________________________________________

24. he - wash his hands - wash his face.

                ________________________________________________________

25- INFORMATION QUESTIONS

Ask information questions beginning with the words in brackets.

Example: He is running. (What)                                                           What is he doing?

                               She went to Germany. (Where)             Where did she go?

1.   They are eating something. (What)

      ________________________________________________________

2.   She is going to sleep. (What)

      ________________________________________________________

3.   They live in Bursa. (Where)

      ________________________________________________________

4.   He got up at 7.30. (What time)

      ________________________________________________________

5.   He sometimes plays tennis. (How often)

      ________________________________________________________

6.   She is going to buy some tea. (How much)

      ________________________________________________________

7.   They were at home. (Where)

      ________________________________________________________

8.   He sold his car last year. (When)

      ________________________________________________________

9.   They ran very fast. (How)

      ________________________________________________________

10. She visits her grandparents every week. (Whom)

      ________________________________________________________

11. The police found the stolen car. (Who)

      ________________________________________________________

12. He bought three books. (How many)

      ________________________________________________________

13. He didn't come because he was ill. (Why)

      ________________________________________________________

14. They are going to come next week. (When)

      ________________________________________________________

15. There are a lot of people on the plane. (How many)

      ________________________________________________________

16. The children are playing a game. (What)

      ________________________________________________________

17. He usually drinks tea. (What)

      ________________________________________________________

18. She came home at 5.30. (What time)

      ________________________________________________________

19. There were some cars in front of the house. (How many)

      ________________________________________________________

20. He needs some time. (How much)

      ________________________________________________________

21. The cat is under the table. (Where)

      ________________________________________________________

22. He sent the letters. (What)

      ________________________________________________________

23. He is going to have dinner at home. (Where)

      ________________________________________________________

24. The boy is crying. (Who)

      ________________________________________________________

 

26- PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

A- Change the following sentences to past continuous tense. Add past time expressions like at 9 o'clock, at 5 o'clock, last night, etc,

Example: He is sleeping.                        He was sleeping at 5 o'clock.

                               She is running.                        She was running at 8 o'clock this morning.

1.   She is cooking. ______________________________

2.   They are studying. ______________________________

3.   The policeman is directing the traffic. __________________________

4.   I am reading a story. ______________________________

5.   We are drinking tea. ______________________________

6.   He is answering some questions. ______________________________

7.   The postman is delivering the letters. ___________________________

8.   The typist is typing something. ______________________________

9.   The teacher is writing a sentence on the board.

      _______________________________________________

10. They are carrying the suitcases. ______________________________

11. She is watching TV. ______________________________

12. He is helping his father. ______________________________

13. The sun is shining. ______________________________

14. I am listening to the radio. ______________________________

15. The dog is barking. ______________________________

16. The guide is taking the tourists to the Blue Mosque.

      _____________________________________________________

17. He is polishing his shoes. ______________________________

18. They are playing football. ______________________________

19. The secretary is answering the telephone. ________________________

20. He is washing his hands. ______________________________

21. We are waiting for a bus. ______________________________

22. He is repairing the switch. ______________________________

23. They are working hard. ______________________________

24. She is talking on the phone. ______________________________

 

B- Rewrite the following sentences by using past continuous forms of the verbs in brackets.

Example: She (cook) ___________when the man came.

                               She was cooking when the man came.

                               I (have) ___________breakfast at 7.30.

                               I was having breakfast at 7.30.

1.   He (sleep) ___________when we arrived.

2.   When you came in, I (write) ___________a report.

3.   The car (do) ___________90 when the accident happened.

4.   When the lights went out, I (shave) ___________.

5.   I (cross) ___________the street when the car hit me.

6.   My father (read) ___________the newspaper while we (watch) ___________TV.

7.   While Selma (study) ___________, Mehmet (play) ___________.

8.   He still (sleep) ___________at 9 o'clock.

9.   I (have) ___________breakfast when the telephone rang.

10. They (play) ___________tennis when the rain started.

11. While you were at work, we (sleep) ___________.

12. When the teacher came in, we (make) ___________a lot of noise.

13. The man (sweep) ___________the room while the woman (wash) ___________the dishes.

14. What _________ you (do) ___________when it started to rain?

15. I (not do) ___________anything when the teacher came.

16. He (drive) ___________to Bolu when his car broke down.

17. What ________the judge (do) ___________while the lawyer (speak) ___________?

18. As I (come) ___________home, I met an old friend.

19. ________you (look) ___________at the road when the car hit the boy?

20. The postman came just as I (leave) ___________home.

21. I met her when I (walk) ___________to school.

22. At nine o'clock last night I (read) ___________a book.

23. When I saw him, he (eat) ___________fish and chips.

24. When my father came in, I (smoke) ___________a cigarette.

27- PAST CONTINUOUS or SIMPLE PAST TENSE?

Rewrite the following sentences using past or past continuous forms of the verbs in brackets.

Example: When you (come) _______in, I (do) _______the crossword puzzle.

                               When you came in, I was doing the crossword puzzle.

                               As I (come) ___________home, I (meet) ___________an old friend.

                               As I was coming home, I met an old friend.

1.   He (get) ___________on the train when the train (move) ___________.

2.   As the man (walk) ________up the stairs, the lights (go) _________out.

3.   When the war (begin) ________, they (live) ________in Austria.

4.   When the war (begin) ________, they (move) ________to the USA.

5.   I (fall) ________down as I (get) ________off the bus.

6.   He (wear) ________a big strange hat when I first (meet) ________him.

7.   He (paint) ________the doors and the windows while I (paint) ________the walls.

8.   Just as I (pick) ________up the receiver, the telephone (ring) ________.

9.   When I (be) ________in Germany, I (work) ________in a coal mine.

10. ________he (listen) ________while the teacher (talk) ________?

11. When the storm (break) ________, I (water) ________the garden.

12. What _____you (do) ________when I (see) ________you yesterday?

13. He (sleep) ________soundly when they (arrive) ________.

14. While you (watch) ________TV, I (do) ________my homework.

15. While he (talk) ________, I (finish) ________reading the book.

16. When the driver (see) ________the policeman, he suddenly (stop) ________.

17. I (dream) ________when the dog (start) ________to bark.

18. He (be) ________in bed while they (have) ________breakfast.

19. We (have) ________a flat tire while we (drive) ________to Ankara.

20. Where ______you (go) _______when I (see) ________you last night?

21. It (rain) ________when I (leave) ________home.

22. When you (call) ________, I (sleep) ________.

23. I (listen) ________to the radio when I (hear) ________the explosion.

24. The plane (crash) ________while it (land) ________.

 

28- TENSE REVISION

Rewrite the following sentences using the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Use simple present, simple past, present continuous, past continuous or future tense.

Example: He (sleep) ________now.                                     He is sleeping now.

                               I (see) ________him yesterday.            I saw him yesterday.

1.   He usually (wake) ________up at 6 o'clock.

2.   They (have) ________breakfast at the moment.

3.   He (buy) ________a new bicycle yesterday.

4.   When I (see) ________him, he (study) ________English.

5.   We (live) ________in Fatih.

6.   I (do) ________my Turkish homework tonight.

7.   Be careful! Somebody (follow) ________us.

8.   My father never (drink) ________the before he (go) ________to bed.

9.   Where you (go) ________last Sunday?

10. I hate him. I (not talk) ________to him again.

11. Don't worry. I (phone) ________you when he (come) ________.

12. I (not see) ________them last night.

13. While the man (repair) my radio, his son (play) ________with the tools.

14. He (go) ________mosque every Friday.

15. I (have) ________lunch with the new director tomorrow.

16. As I (swim) ________, it (start) ________to rain.

17. Please (call) ________me when the news (start) ________.

18. ________he (pack) ________his suitcases yesterday?

19. ________he always (start) ________work so late?

20. ________they still (wait) ________for me?

21. He (sell) ________his car last Sunday.

22. He never (have) ________breakfast at home.

23. I (visit) ________my grandparents next week.

24. She (not drink) ________tea in the evening.

 

29- PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Ask questions and give answers in present perfect tense as in the example.

Example:    you - open the door            What have you just done?   I have just opened the door.

                   she - type the letter            What has she just done?   She has just typed the letter.

1.   Ali - come in

      ________________________________________________

2.   Hasan - turn off the TV

      ________________________________________________

3.   they - finish eating

      ________________________________________________

4.   she - read a story

      ________________________________________________

5.   we - arrive home

      ________________________________________________

6.   the teacher - ask us some questions

      ________________________________________________

7.   your father - give me some money

      ________________________________________________

8.   you - take out my pen

      ________________________________________________

9.   Bob - study French

      ________________________________________________

10. the milkman – leave

      ________________________________________________

11. they - have lunch

      ________________________________________________

12. she - have a cup of tea

      ________________________________________________

13. Bill - pay a bill

      ________________________________________________

14. Selma - make a sentence

      ________________________________________________

15. Mehmet - eat a sandwich

      ________________________________________________

16. your parents - watch a film

      ________________________________________________

17. the postman - deliver some letters

      ________________________________________________

18. the player - leave the field

      ________________________________________________

19. the secretary - answer the telephone

      ________________________________________________

20. they - get on a bus

      ________________________________________________

21. she - lose her handbag

      ________________________________________________

22. he – shave

      ________________________________________________

23. you - sign the contract

      ________________________________________________

24. the police - arrest the murderer

      ________________________________________________

 

30- PRESENT PERFECT and SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Ask questions and give answers as in the example.

Example:    ride a bicycle - five years ago                              Have you ever ridden a bicycle? Yes, I have. When did you ride a bicycle? I rode a bicycle five years ago.

1.   use a computer - last month

      ________________________________________________

2.   drive a car - yesterday

      ________________________________________________

3.   visit the Blue Mosque - last month

      ________________________________________________

4.   read an English story - two weeks ago

      ________________________________________________

5.   eat strawberries - last year

      ________________________________________________

6.   drink coffee with milk - last week

      ________________________________________________

7.   watch a Japanese film - two years ago

      ________________________________________________

8.   write a composition in English - last week

      ________________________________________________

9.   play table tennis - yesterday

      ________________________________________________

10. draw a picture - last Tuesday

      ________________________________________________

11. catch a fish - three months ago

      ________________________________________________

12. dig a grave - last summer

      ________________________________________________

13. run in a race - last week

      ________________________________________________

14. sing a song – yesterday

      ________________________________________________

15. forget to do homework - last Monday

      ________________________________________________

16. lose a pen - last month

      ________________________________________________

17. swim in a lake - last summer

      ________________________________________________

18. wear a hat - last winter

      ________________________________________________

19. see a camel - three months ago

      ________________________________________________

20. take photographs - last October

      ________________________________________________

21. have an accident - last month

      ________________________________________________

22. meet an Englishman – yesterday

      ________________________________________________

23. buy a bicycle - last summer

      ________________________________________________

24. receive a telegram - last night

      ________________________________________________

31- PRESENT PERFECT TENSE         (Yet – Already)

Ask questions and give answers as in the example. Use already in affirmative answers and yet in negative answers.

Example:    the lesson – start                 Has the lesson started yet? Yes, it has already started. (No, it hasn't started yet.)

                   you - have breakfast            Have you had breakfast yet? Yes, I have already had breakfast. (No, I haven't had breakfast yet.)

1.   you - learn English

      ________________________________________________

2.   you - have lunch

      ________________________________________________

3.   your father – arrive

      ________________________________________________

4.   the sun – set

      ________________________________________________

5.   you - finish your homework

      ________________________________________________

6.   your friends - read the story

      ________________________________________________

7.   the news – start

      ________________________________________________

8.   you - buy the newspaper

      ________________________________________________

9.   the baby - wake up

      ________________________________________________

10. the students – leave the school

      ________________________________________________

11. you - find the new words

      ________________________________________________

12. the teacher – come

      ________________________________________________

13. they - start studying

      ________________________________________________

14. you - listen to the new cassette

      ________________________________________________

15. you - telephone your parents

      ________________________________________________

16. she - wash the dishes

      ________________________________________________

17. he - polish the shoes

      ________________________________________________

18. they - paint their house

      ________________________________________________

19. you - speak to the manager.

      ________________________________________________

20. you - buy a rubber

      ________________________________________________

21. she - send the letters

      ________________________________________________

22. the police - arrest the robber

      ________________________________________________

23. the goalkeeper - throw the ball

      ________________________________________________

24. the rain - stop

      ________________________________________________

32- PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (Already)

Give answers with already.

Example: Clean your room.                                                  I have already cleaned it.

                               When is he going to leave?                     He has already left.

1.   Sweep the rooms. ___________________________

2.   Wash your hands. ___________________________

3.   When are you going to do your homework?

      ______________________________________________________

4.   When is he going to mend the bike? ___________________________

5.   When are they going to start studying? _________________________

6.   Paint the kitchen window. ___________________________

7.   Telephone your parents. ___________________________

8.   When is she going to send the parcel? ___________________________

9.   Vacuum the room. ___________________________

10. When is he going to repair his car? ___________________________

11. When is she going to do the washing? ___________________________

12. Wake your father up. ___________________________

13. Tell him not to be late again. ___________________________

14. When are you going to talk to him? ___________________________

15. Peel the potatoes. ___________________________

16. Cut the meat. ___________________________

17. When are they going to choose the presents?

      ______________________________________________________

18. When is he going to have dinner? ___________________________

19. Have some tea. ___________________________

20. Change the light bulbs. ___________________________

21. When are you going to pay the telephone bill?

      ______________________________________________________

22. When is she going to iron the shirts? ___________________________

23. Open the boxes. ___________________________

24. Type the letters. ___________________________

 

33- PRESENT PERFECT TENSE          (Since – for)

Make sentences in present perfect tense with since or for.

Example: he - not come here - last week                                He hasn't come here since last week.

                               I - be a teacher - six years                       I have been a teacher for six years.

1.   he - be there - two years

      __________________________________________

2.   I - live in Istanbul - I was born

      __________________________________________

3.   I - not see you - 1988

      __________________________________________

4.   She - not write to me - last year

      __________________________________________

5.   I - work in that factory – 1987

      __________________________________________

6.   they - not visit us - last February

      __________________________________________

7.   it - not snow in our town - three years

      __________________________________________

8.   my father - be ill - five months

      __________________________________________

9.   he - be in prison - last month

      __________________________________________

10. I - study French - a long time

      __________________________________________

11. he - have that car - ages

      __________________________________________

12. I - wear this tie - over a year

      __________________________________________

13. she - work as a teacher - two years

      __________________________________________

14. they - not play football - a fortnight

      __________________________________________

15.    we - be in the classroom - half an hour

      __________________________________________

16. nothing – happen - three days

      __________________________________________

17. I - not hear from him - last November

      __________________________________________

18. I - not eat anything – yesterday

      __________________________________________

19. nobody - come to our house - last Wednesday

      __________________________________________

20. he - be a manager - three years

      __________________________________________

21. she - not call me - last week

      __________________________________________

22. I - know him - my childhood

      __________________________________________

23. we - be sad - he died

      __________________________________________

24. he - not have an accident - three years

      __________________________________________

34- PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Rewrite the following sentences using the present perfect forms of the verbs in brackets.

Example: The bell just (ring)________.                                The bell has just rung.

                               I (not talk) ________to him yet.           I haven't talked to him yet.

1.   I (speak) ________to him several times.

2.   I (lose) ________the key to the door.

3.   He (be) ________here before.

4.   They (not visit) ________us for a long time.

5.   She (be) ________to England.

6.   We (not watch) ________any good films recently.

7.   I ________already (wash) ________the dishes.

8.   He (repair) ________the radio yet?

9.   She just (set) ________the table.

10. The teacher (not arrive) ________yet.

11. They (travel) ________all over the world.

12. I (read) ________that book before.

13. ________you ever (be) ________to Germany?

14. I ________never (meet) ________you before.

15. He (build) ________five houses so far.

16. ________you (see) ________him lately?

17. How long ________she (be) ________a secretary?

18. He (not write) ________to me since last year.

19. I (learn) ________many new words this week.

20. He (be) ________ill for two weeks.

21. ________you (hear) ________form your parents?

22. I (not see) ________them for a long time.

23. How long ________you (have) ________that car?

24. Where ________you (be) ________?

35- PRESENT PERFECT or SIMPLE PAST TENSE?

Rewrite the following sentences using the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Use either simple past tense or present perfect tense.

Example: I (call) ________him last night.             I called him last night.

                               He (be) ________ill since last night.      He has been ill since last night.

1.   The lesson (start) ________ten minutes ago.

2.   When ________you (see) ________him?

3.   I (drink) ________coffee yesterday afternoon.

4.   The postman ________just (leave) ________.

5.   She ________never (ride) ________a camel before.

6.   I (travel) ________with him several times.

7.   In the end I (find) ________the key to the door.

8.   I (read) ________that book twice.

9.   What time ________you (get) ________up this morning?

10. ________you (see) ________my pen? I (lose) ________it.

11.    The children (not return) ________from school yet.

12. He (talk) ________to him on Thursday.

13. I (not) ________see him since he (get) ________married.

14. How long ago ________the game (begin) ________?

15. How long ________you (know) ________him?

16. ________you (see) ________him recently?

17. How long ________she (be) ________a nurse?

18. He (not write) ________to me since last year.

19. I can't find my dictionary. ________you (see) ________it?

20.    He (run) ________two hours yesterday.

21. We (hear) ________that story before.

22. She (work) ________as a secretary for many years.

23. She (not visit) ________lately.

24. We (move) ________here last month.

 

36- FUTURE TENSE

A- Change the following sentences to future tense with will (or shall).

Example: He goes to work at 8 o'clock every morning.

                                               He will go to work at 8 o'clock tomorrow morning.

                               They stay up late every evening.

                                               They will stay up late this evening.

1.   She helps her mother. ________________________

2.   I phone my uncle every week. ________________________

3.   He pays the bills. ________________________

4.   They go to school. ________________________

5.   We study English every evening. ________________________

6.   The photographer takes pictures. ________________________

7.   The bus leaves at 10.50. ________________________

8.   The film starts after the news. ________________________

9.   We have lunch at 12.30. ________________________

10. The car goes fast. ________________________

11. The baby goes to bed at 9 every night. ________________________

12. They go to France every year. ________________________

13. He does his homework every afternoon. ________________________

14. She listens to the radio every evening. ________________________

15. The children play in the playground. ________________________

16. He washes his car every Sunday. ________________________

17. He is very happy today. ________________________

18. They are in New York. ________________________

19.    He is angry with us. ________________________

20. The job is easy. ________________________

21. He plays computer games every night. ________________________

22. She combs her hair every morning. ________________________

23. She types the letters in the afternoon. ________________________

24. They sit in the sun every afternoon. ________________________

 

B- Change the sentences above to question and negative.

Example: He goes to work at 8 o'clock every morning.

                                               Will he go to work at 8 o'clock tomorrow morning?

                                                                              He won't go to work at 8 o'clock tomorrow morni

37- INDEFINITE ARTICLES

Complete the following sentences using anybody (anyone), somebody (someone), nobody (no one), anywhere, somewhere, nowhere, anything, nothing, something, everybody, everything or everywhere.

Example: I had no money so I bought nothing.

1.   Be careful_________ is following you.

2.   I looked _________ but I couldn't find my keys.

3.   The room was in a mess_________ was on the floor.

4.   This question is very easy_________ can answer it.

5.   There was nobody at home_________ was away.

6.   I need _________ to talk to. I am lonely.

7.   They stayed at home all day. They didn't go _________.

8.   I feel bored. Let's go _________ and have some tea.

9.   I haven't eaten _________ since yesterday.

10. I didn't meet_________ this morning.

11. There is _________ in this box but I don't know what it is.

12. Where did you go yesterday? _________, I was at home.

13. He wasn't hungry so he ate _________

14. I rang the doorbell but_________ opened the door.

15. You can do _________ you like.

16. There is_________ at the door. Go and open the door.

17. The bus was empty. There was _________ on the bus.

18. I didn't kill_________. Why did you put me in prison?

19. I am very tired. I can't go _________.

20. Everybody was asleep. _________ was awake.

21. He is very famous_________ knows him.

22. He told me _________ but he didn't tell me everything.

23. He lives_________ near here.

24. There wasn't anybody in the factory. I saw_________.

38- TOO / ENOUGH

Combine the following sentences using too or enough.

Example: The tea is very hot. I can't drink it.

                                               The tea is too hot (for me) to drink.

                               The questions were easy. He answered them.

                                               The questions were easy enough (for him) to answer.

1.   The suitcases are very heavy. I can't carry them.

      _____________________________________________

2.   The water was too cold. I couldn't drink it.

      _____________________________________________

3.   I am very busy. I can't play football today.

      _____________________________________________

4.   This story is interesting. I can read it.

      _____________________________________________

5.   The bracelet was cheap. Mary bought it.

      _____________________________________________

6.   I am very tired. I can't work any more.

      _____________________________________________

7.   Mr. Smith is rich. He can buy a plane.

      _____________________________________________

8.   The car was going very fast. It couldn't stop in time.

      _____________________________________________

9.   The lake was very deep. They couldn't swim there.

      _____________________________________________

10. The bar was very high. The athlete couldn't jump over it.

      _____________________________________________

11. He isn't very intelligent. He can't solve this problem.

      _____________________________________________

12. The suitcase is very light. I can carry it.

      _____________________________________________

13. He ran slowly. He couldn't catch the bus.

      _____________________________________________

14. He is very tall. He can play basketball.

      _____________________________________________

15. I am very short. I can't touch the lamp.

      _____________________________________________

16. I am very hungry. I can eat a whole chicken.

      _____________________________________________

17. Ali is very strong. He can beat a bull.

      _____________________________________________

18. The weather is too cold. We can't go swimming.

      _____________________________________________

19. My uncle is very old. We can't play football.

      _____________________________________________

20. This exercise is very difficult. I can't do it.

      _____________________________________________

21. The student is very clever. He understands physics easily.

      _____________________________________________

22. The soup was very salty. I couldn't eat it.

      _____________________________________________

23. The instructions were clear. I understood them.

      _____________________________________________

24. The weather was very dark. I couldn't see anything.

      _____________________________________________

 

39- INFORMATION QUESTIONS

Ask information questions for the underlined words.

Example: They work in a factory.         Where do they work?

                               He bought a hat.                                    What did he buy?

1.   The teacher came at 8.30.

      _____________________________________________

2.   They will come back tomorrow.

      _____________________________________________

3.   The dog is barking.

      _____________________________________________

4.   She types 90 words a minute.

      _____________________________________________

5.   She types 90 words a minute.

      _____________________________________________

6.   He will be in Ankara tomorrow.

      _____________________________________________

7.   He has been married for ten years.

      _____________________________________________

8.   The pictures are on the wall.

      _____________________________________________

9.   The lesson began ten minutes ago.

      _____________________________________________

10. My parents live in a small village.

      _____________________________________________

11. I was sleeping when the alarm clock went off.

      _____________________________________________

12. He is going to do it very quickly.

      _____________________________________________

13. She needs some sugar.

      _____________________________________________

14. I have got two brothers.

      _____________________________________________

15. The game has just started.

      _____________________________________________

16. He walks ten kilometers every Sunday.

      _____________________________________________

17. It takes me ten minutes to walk to school.

      _____________________________________________

18. It took him two hours to answer the questions.

      _____________________________________________

19. He does homework every evening.

      _____________________________________________

20. They play football on Saturday.

      _____________________________________________

21. He sold his car because he didn't have any money.

      _____________________________________________

22. He phoned his father.

      _____________________________________________

23. He was looking for his passport.

      _____________________________________________

24. She has lunch at home.

      _____________________________________________

 

40- PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

A- Change the following sentences to present perfect continuous tense. Use since or for.

Example: I work in a factory. (two years)

                                               I have been working in a factory for two years.

                               She is learning to drive. (last December)

                                               She has been learning to drive since last December.

1.   He is writing some letters. (two hours)

      _____________________________________________

2.   I live in Istanbul. (I was born)

      _____________________________________________

3.   It is raining. (yesterday)

      _____________________________________________

4.   He teaches English. (five years)

      _____________________________________________

5.   She is doing the washing. (two hours)

      _____________________________________________

6.   They are talking about economy. (nine o'clock)

      _____________________________________________

7.   He builds houses (a long time)

      _____________________________________________

8.   They are playing football. (half an hour)

      _____________________________________________

9.   He is learning English. (six months)

      _____________________________________________

10. We are waiting for the bus. (fifteen minutes)

      _____________________________________________

11. Ali is studying chemistry. (last September)

      _____________________________________________

12. She is wearing glasses. (1986)

      _____________________________________________

13. They are standing in front of the gate. (10.30)

      _____________________________________________

14. He doesn't smoke. (five days)

      _____________________________________________

15. The baby is sleeping. (last night)

      _____________________________________________

16. I am looking for my dictionary. (a few weeks)

      _____________________________________________

17. He drinks a lot (his wife died)

      _____________________________________________

18. She is doing the crossword puzzle. (half an hour)

      _____________________________________________

19. He doesn't feel very well. (last week)

      _____________________________________________

20. They repair cars. (fifteen years)

      _____________________________________________

21. They are talking (two hours)

      _____________________________________________

22. She is sleeping. (nine o'clock)

      _____________________________________________

23. He is fixing the TV. (more than an hour)

      _____________________________________________

24. He is eating. (fifteen minutes)

      _____________________________________________

 

B- Ask questions with how long for the sentences above and give short answers.

Example: I work in a factory. (two years)

                                               How long have you been working in a factory?

                                               For two years.

 

41- PAST PERFECT TENSE

Combine the following sentences using simple past and past perfect tense. Use the conjunctions in brackets, too.

Example: I finished school in 1987. I started to work in 1988. (after)

                                               I started to work after I had finished school.

                               We got to the cinema at 9. The film started at 8.30. (when)

                                               When we got to the cinema the film had started.

1.   We arrived home at 9. She fell asleep at 8.45. (when)

      _____________________________________________

2.   He sold his house. Then he moved to another city. (after)

      _____________________________________________

3.   He had a shave. Then he left home. (before)

      _____________________________________________

4.   The policeman arrived at 9.15. The robbers ran away at 9.10. (when)

      _____________________________________________

5.   The bell rang. The students started to run. (as soon as)

      _____________________________________________

6.   The teacher came in when the bell rang. We cleaned the board before the bell. (when)

      _____________________________________________

7.   He left the army in 1987. He went abroad in 1988. (after)

      _____________________________________________

8.   We got to the station at 11.05. The train left at 11.00. (by the time)

      _____________________________________________

9.   The secretary typed the letter. Then she put it in an envelope. (after)

      _____________________________________________

10. The student wrote the dialogue. Then he memorized it. (before)

      _____________________________________________

11. The dentist pulled out the tooth. The man said it was the wrong tooth. (after)

      _____________________________________________

12. The lesson finished. Everybody stopped writing before the bell. (when)

      _____________________________________________

13. The doorkeeper opened the door. Everybody rushed in. (as soon as)

      _____________________________________________

14. The policeman made the man talk. They found out everything. (once)

      _____________________________________________

15. I went to bed. The telephone rang. (the moment after)

      _____________________________________________

16. I told them not to be late. They came late again. (although)

      _____________________________________________

17. The driver stopped. The policeman ordered him to stop. (because)

      _____________________________________________

18. I finished military service. I started to work for a newspaper. (after)

      _____________________________________________

19. The cat saw the mouse. It started to chase the mouse. (as soon as)

      _____________________________________________

20. She finished answering the questions at 9. Everybody else did later. (before)

      _____________________________________________

21. The man started the car. Then he drove off. (after)

      _____________________________________________

22. The police put the man in prison. The man robbed a bank. (because)

      _____________________________________________

23. He talked to the manager in the morning. He sent the goods in the afternoon. (before)

      _____________________________________________

24. The film ended. He turned off the TV. (as soon as)

      _____________________________________________

 

42- SIMPLE PAST or PAST PERFECT TENSE?

Write the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Use simple past or past perfect tense.

Example: When the fire brigade (arrive)______, they (put) _______out the fire.

                               When the fire brigade arrived, they had put out the fire.

                               She (leave) ________home after she (write) ________a letter.

                               She left home after she had written a letter.

1.   After they (leave) ________, we (go) ________to bed.

2.   When we (get) ________there, the meeting ________just (start) ________.

3.   I (ask) ________them why they (not come) ________on time.

4.   They (say) ________the train (leave) ________early.

5.   We (go) ________out as soon as we (have) ________dinner.

6.   I ___never (see) ______a camel until I (go) ______to Saudi Arabia.

7.   The car (be) ________more expensive than we (expect) ________.

8.   I (read) ________the book after I (have) ________dinner.

9.   The workers (put) ______out the fire before the firemen (arrive) ______.

10. We (hear) ________that he (get) ________married.

11. I (get) ________up before the sun (rise) ________.

12. They (put) ________him to prison though he (not do) ________ anything.

13. The police (arrest) ________him because he (kill) ________two people.

14. I (tell) ________him not to use my pen but he (take) ________it again.

15. He _____already (fall) _____asleep when we (return)______ home.

16. He (discover) ________that the old man (sell) ________all his property.

17. She (wonder) ________why they (move) ________to a smaller town.

18. Once the commander (say) ________"fire", the soldiers (start) ________to fire crazily.

19. After the police (question) ________the man, they (send) ________him to prison.

20. The man (be) ________very disappointed when he (find) ________out that his son (fail) ________.

21. I (lose) ________the pen that my father (give)_______me as a present.

22. Before they (move) ________to Ankara, they (live) ________in Bursa.

23. Everybody (fall) ________asleep before the lecture (finish) ________.

24.           By the time we (get) ________to the airport, the plane (land) ________.

43- FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Make sentences in future continuous tense as in the example.

Example: she - wash the dishes - at 3 o'clock

                                               She will be washing the dishes at 3 o'clock.

                               they - pack the suitcases - this time tomorrow

                                               They will be packing the suitcases this time tomorrow.

1.   the postman - deliver letters - this time tomorrow

      ________________________________________________

2.   we - study English - this time Thursday

      ________________________________________________

3.   he - cut wood - all day tomorrow

      ________________________________________________

4.   the typist - type letters - all afternoon

      ________________________________________________

5.   I - do my homework - at 9 this evening

      ________________________________________________

6.   he - study for the exam - all night

      ________________________________________________

7.   they - play basketball - at 4 o'clock tomorrow

      ________________________________________________

8.   he - stay in a hotel - all next month

      ________________________________________________

9.   he - do military service - all next year

      ________________________________________________

10. she - play tennis - this time tomorrow

      ________________________________________________

11. we - travel in Europe - during the summer

      ________________________________________________

12. they – ski - all day tomorrow

      ________________________________________________

13. he - have a rest - during the holiday

      ________________________________________________

14. she - study chemistry - during the next term

      ________________________________________________

15. the teacher - teach present perfect tense - all next week

      ________________________________________________

16. the lawyer - talk to his client - at 10 a.m. tomorrow

      ________________________________________________

17. I - fly to the USA - tomorrow afternoon

      ________________________________________________

18. Tom – work - all day tomorrow

      ________________________________________________

19. he - learn Arabic - all next year

      ________________________________________________

20. we - watch the football match on TV – this time tomorrow

      ________________________________________________

21. they - wait for you - at the usual time

      ________________________________________________

22. I - live in Germany - in four years time

      ________________________________________________

23. she - watch TV - after dinner

      ________________________________________________

24. they – work - from 2 until 4.30

      ________________________________________________

 

44- FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Make sentences in future perfect tense as in the example.

Example: By next July he (finish) ___________school.

                                               By next July he will have finished school.

                               She (do) ___________the washing by 10 o'clock.

                                               She will have done the washing by 10 o'clock.

1.   All of the passengers (check) ___________in by 5 o'clock.

2.   She (do) ___________the homework by the time her husband arrives.

3.   By next month he (move) ___________to his new house.

4.   I think before we get to the airport, the plane (take) ___________off.

5.   In 1993 he (be) ___________married for ten years.

6.   By this time next year you (learn) ___________a lot more English.

7.   I am sure he (complete) ___________the building by September.

8.   By September 15 I (be) ___________here for two years.

9.   I hope, by the end of five years, there (be) ___________no inflation.

10. By this time next month we (finish) ___________this book.

11. I hope you (forget) ___________all your troubles by the time your parents arrive.

12. They (sell) ___________all the books if we don't get there before noon.

13. By the time the teacher comes, we (write) ___________all the new words.

14. The secretary (post) ___________the letters by five o'clock.

15. By December 31 all the refugees (return) _________to their countries.

16. By the time the inspector comes, we (finish) _________the preparations.

17. By the end of this year we (publish) ___________ten books.

18. She (come) ___________back by 6 o'clock.

19. She (graduate) ___________from university by the end of next year.

20. The snow (melt) ___________by the end of March.

21. When they arrive, the guests (leave) ___________.

22.    Before the film starts, she (sweep) ___________the rooms.

23. The secretary (type) ___________the report by five o'clock.

24. If he doesn't hurry, he (miss) ___________the plane.

 

45- CAN

A- Make sentences as in the example.

Example: he - play football - basketball

                                               He can play football but he can't play basketball.

                               she – sing - dance

                                               She can sing but she can't dance.

1.   I – do the washing - washing up __________________________

2.   he - speak German - French  __________________________

3.   I - ride a bicycle – drive __________________________

4.   they - come tomorrow - tonight  __________________________

5.   Bob – ski - ice skate __________________________

6.   I - play table tennis – tennis __________________________

7.   I - drive a car – lorry __________________________

8.   My little brother – crawl – walk __________________________

9.   I - buy a bicycle – car __________________________

10. my father - make tea – cook __________________________

11. she - play the violin - piano  __________________________

12. I - write a letter – article __________________________

13. she – sew – knit __________________________

14. we - play volleyball – cricket __________________________

15. they - understand Arabic – Persian __________________________

16. he - write with his right hand - left hand  

      ____________________________________________________

17. I - teach mathematics - physics __________________________

18. he - throw the javelin – discus __________________________

19. he - answer questions 5 - question 8 __________________________

20. she – sing - recite a poem __________________________

21. he - lift a chair – table __________________________

22. she - understand Spanish – speak __________________________

23. we - build a house – skyscraper __________________________

24. the cat - catch the mouse – bird __________________________

 

B- Ask questions with can and give short answers as in the example.

Example: speak English                         Can you speak English? Yes, I can.

                               drive                                       Can you drive? Yes, I can. But not very well.

                               speak Chinese                        Can you speak Chinese? No, I can't.

1.   run very fast __________________________

2.   type __________________________

3.   swim fast __________________________

4.   cook __________________________

5.   make tea __________________________

6.   play football __________________________

7.   play the guitar __________________________

8.   speak German __________________________

9.   understand French __________________________

10. play table tennis __________________________

11. write an article __________________________

12. build a house __________________________

13. ride a horse __________________________

14. play the drums __________________________

15. fly a plane __________________________

16. sleep on a chair __________________________

17. climb up a straight wall __________________________

18. lift a refrigerator __________________________

19. jump down from a minaret __________________________

20. eat hot pepper __________________________

21. change a flat tire __________________________

22. mend a fuse __________________________

23. ski __________________________

24. catch fish __________________________

 

46- COULD

Make sentences with could as in the example.

Example: I - walk - six years old             I could walk when I was six years old.

                               He - read a newspaper - seven years old.

                                                               He could read a newspaper when he was seven years old.

1.   I – swim - six years old

      ____________________________________________________

2.   He – read - five years old

      ____________________________________________________

3.   She – crawl - six months old

      ____________________________________________________

4.   My father - see very well - before having an operation

      ____________________________________________________

5.   My mother - cook better – young

      ____________________________________________________

6.   I - go to school alone - seven years old

      ____________________________________________________

7.   She - play the piano - five years old

      ____________________________________________________

8.   I – talk - two years old

      ____________________________________________________

9.   I - count up to one hundred - before starting school

      ____________________________________________________

10. She - read and write - seven years old

      ____________________________________________________

11. He - play chess - eight years old

      ____________________________________________________

12. I – cook - ten years old

      ____________________________________________________

13. She - speak German - nine years old

      ____________________________________________________

14. He – drive - eleven years old

      ____________________________________________________

15. They - play football - seven years old

      ____________________________________________________

16. We - solve math problems - in the second grade

      ____________________________________________________

17. I - climb trees - seven years old

      ____________________________________________________

18.    She – sew - six years old

      ____________________________________________________

19.    She – knit - seven years old

      ____________________________________________________

20.    He - understand English - five years old

      ____________________________________________________

21. They – run - two years old

      ____________________________________________________

22. I - ride a bicycle - seven years old

      ____________________________________________________

23. My grandfather – swim – young

      ____________________________________________________

24. She - draw pictures - six years old

      ____________________________________________________

47- COULD or WAS / WERE ABLE TO?

Complete the following sentences using could when possible and was (were) able to when not possible.

Example: He_________ drive a car when he was eighteen.

                               He could drive a car when he was eighteen.

                               He _________ drive his car through the heavy traffic yesterday.

                               He was able to drive his car through the heavy traffic yesterday.

1.   He _________ swim very well when he was a baby.

2.   He _________ swim in spite of the storm.

3.   The road was blocked but we _________ get there on time.

4.   I _________ understand French last year but I can't now.

5.   I_________ understand what they were saying though they were far away.

6.   The prisoners _________ escape because it was dark.

7.   I_________ find my pen after looking for it for ten minutes.

8.   I _________ see that he was bored.

9.   I_________ feel that somebody was following us.

10. He _________ pass his examination though he didn't study hard.

11. I_________ hardly believe my eyes when I saw them.

12. I _________ hear everything from where I was standing.

13. After running for ten minutes they _________ catch the last train.

14. When we were in school, he _________ read faster than anybody else.

15. The police _________ find the place they were hiding.

16. During the competition he _________ beat all his opponents.

17. The secretary_________ finish the reports before five o'clock.

18. When she worked for us, she _________ finish everything on time.

19. The driver_________ brake on time.

20. We _________ sleep soundly though they were making a lot of noise.

21. She _________ sew when she was nine.

22. The man _________ get into the house though the door was locked.

23. Nobody _________ answer the questions the math teacher asked.

24. I_________ drive in spite of the fog.

 

 

48- COULDN’T

Complete the following sentences by using a clause with couldn't.

Example: __________________ because the door was locked.

                               I couldn't enter the house because the door was locked.

                               __________________ because I didn't have enough money.

                               I couldn't take a taxi because I didn't have enough money.

1.   __________________ because it was raining.

2.   __________________ because the teacher was watching him.

3.   __________________ because he was driving too fast.

4.   __________________ because it was too expensive.

5.   __________________ because the questions were too difficult.

6.   __________________ because it was too late.

7.   __________________ because her mother was ill.

8.   __________________ because there were other people waiting,

9.   __________________ because it was foggy.

10. __________________ because I had got up late.

11. __________________ because there was no food left.

12. __________________ because they were wearing masks.

13. __________________ because it was too cold.

14. __________________ because it was too hot.

15. __________________ because their car was faster.

16. __________________ because the train arrived late.

17. __________________ because there was a lot of noise.

18. __________________ because there were a lot of new words.

19. __________________ because there was a tall man in front of me.

20. __________________ because he was too old.

21. __________________ because I had already seen it.

22. __________________ because she was late.

23. __________________ because it was out of order.

24. __________________ because I had lost the key.

 

49- HAVE TO / HAS TO / MUST

A- Rewrite the following sentences using have to or has to.

Example: He must paint the walls.        He has to paint the walls.

                               We must get up early.                           We have to get up early.

1.   I must find him. ____________________________

2.   He must finish it today. ____________________________

3.   They must get there before five. ____________________________

4.   You must wait for the green light. ____________________________

5.   I must work on Saturday.  ____________________________

6.   You must do your homework.  ____________________________

7.   You must wash the dishes.  ____________________________

8.   You must answer all of the questions. ________________________

9.   You must wear your uniform today. ____________________________

10. She must memorize the dialogue. ____________________________

11. You must lock the door. ____________________________

12. You must polish your shoes. ____________________________

13. He must take a taxi. ____________________________

14. She must lend him some money. ____________________________

15. You must stop smoking. ____________________________

16. We must learn English. ____________________________

17. He must find a job. ____________________________

18. We must leave now. ____________________________

19. He must take the exam. ____________________________

20. She must help her mother. ____________________________

21. They must be very careful. ____________________________

22.    She must fill in the form. ____________________________

23. He must change some money. ____________________________

24. I must help him. ____________________________

 

B- Change the sentences above to question first with must then with have to.

Example: He must paint the walls.        Must he paint the walls?

                                                                                                                                             Does he have to paint the walls?

 

50- HAD TO / WILL HAVE TO

A- Change the following sentences to the past.

Example: I have to find him.                  I had to find him.

                               She has to be careful.             She had to be careful.

1.   I have to start work at 8. ____________________________

2.   He has to send it by post. ____________________________

3.   She has to get up early. ____________________________

4.   The secretary has to type the letters quickly.

      _________________________________________________

5.   I have to have breakfast early.  ____________________________

6.   I have to go to bed early. ____________________________

7.   He has to buy a lot of books. ____________________________

8.   They have to carry the chairs upstairs. __________________________

9.   We have to get there before they do. ____________________________

10. The people have to evacuate the town. _________________________

11. The students have to study hard. ____________________________

12. The driver has to stop. ____________________________

13. The policeman have to follow him very carefully.

      ____________________________________________________

14. He has to read the letter secretly. ____________________________

15. She has to go the grocer's. ____________________________

16. He has to translate it immediately. ____________________________

17. You have to lend him some money. ____________________________

18. They have to work overtime. ____________________________

19. We have to stay at a hotel. ____________________________

20. He has to open the store at 8.30. ____________________________

21. I have to sell my car. ____________________________

22. She has to wash the dishes. ____________________________

23. They have to clean the house. ____________________________

24. We have to be quick. ____________________________

 

B- Change the sentences above first to question then to future.

Example: I have to find him.                  Did you have to find him?

                                                                                                                              I will have to find him.

51- INFORMATION QUESTIONS            (Have to - Has to - Had to)

Ask information questions for the underlined words.

Example: They have to start work at 8.               

                                               When do they have to start work?

                               He had to sell his house.

                                               What did he have to sell?

1.   She has to phone her mother.

      ______________________________________________

2.   They had to postpone the meeting.

      ______________________________________________

3.   We have to clean the house.

      ______________________________________________

4.   He has to do his job carefully.

      ______________________________________________

5.   He had to borrow a lot of money.

      ______________________________________________

6.   They have to work eight hours a day.

      ______________________________________________

7.   She has to go to work by train.

      ______________________________________________

8.   The students have to study hard.

      ______________________________________________

9.   He has to go to hospital twice a week.

      ______________________________________________

10. The postman has to deliver the letters.

      ______________________________________________

11. We have to stay at a hotel.

      ______________________________________________

12. I have to catch the 8.20 train.

      ______________________________________________

13. We have to be there at 5.

      ______________________________________________

14. She had to walk five kilometers.

      ______________________________________________

15. I had to wait for one hour.

      ______________________________________________

16. He has to wear the blue one.

      ______________________________________________

17. She doesn't have to water the garden because it is raining.

      ______________________________________________

18. He doesn't have to get up early on Sunday.

      ______________________________________________

19. He didn't have to work yesterday.

      ______________________________________________

20. You have to stop when the light is red.

      ______________________________________________

21. I will have to do it tomorrow.

      ______________________________________________

22. She has to type the letters.

      ______________________________________________

23. They will have to see him.

      ______________________________________________

24. They had to resign.

      ______________________________________________

 

52- MUST / MUSTN'T / NEEDN’T

Make sentences beginning with I or you using must, mustn't or needn't.

Example: smoke at a gas station            You mustn’t smoke at a gas station.

                               drink coffee every day           You needn’t drink coffee every day.

                               stop at a red light                   You must stop at a red light.

1.   take medicine when you are well

      ______________________________________________

2.   get up early on holiday

      ______________________________________________

3.   forget your umbrella when it is raining

      ______________________________________________

4.   memorize the whole text

      ______________________________________________

5.   leave the class before the teacher

      ______________________________________________

6.   make a noise when the baby is asleep

      ______________________________________________

7.   drive fast when the weather is foggy

      ______________________________________________

8.   be careful when you are driving

      ______________________________________________

9.   open the window because it is very cold

      ______________________________________________

10. study if you want to pass the exam

      ______________________________________________

11. take your umbrella if the weather is fine

      ______________________________________________

12. water the garden because it is going to rain soon

      ______________________________________________

13. run in the classroom

      ______________________________________________

14. wear warm clothes in winter

      ______________________________________________

15. eat yoghurt with fish

      ______________________________________________

16. eat too much because you are getting fat

      ______________________________________________

17. polish your shoes because they are very dirty

      ______________________________________________

18. see a doctor because you look very ill

      ______________________________________________

19. watch TV while doing your homework

      ______________________________________________

20. shave every day

      ______________________________________________

21. get up early if you want to catch the first train

      ______________________________________________

22. take a taxi. It is very near.

      ______________________________________________

23. tell him about it. It is a secret.

      ______________________________________________

24. phone him. He will be here in the afternoon.

      ______________________________________________

 

53- MAY (permission)

Ask questions using May I or May we.

Example: You want to go out.                               May I go out?

                               You want to play tennis.       May we play tennis?

1.   You want to open a window.

      ______________________________________________

2.   You and your friends want to go home.

      ______________________________________________

3.   You want to speak Turkish.

      ______________________________________________

4.   You want to have some more potatoes.

      ______________________________________________

5.   You want to drink a cup of tea.

      ______________________________________________

6.   You and your brother want to watch TV.

      ______________________________________________

7.   You and your friends want to play a word game.

      ______________________________________________

8.   You want to leave the class before the bell rings.

      ______________________________________________

9.   You want to turn on the light.

      ______________________________________________

10.    You want to borrow your friend's pen.

      ______________________________________________

11. You want to use your friend's dictionary.

      ______________________________________________

12. You want to turn off the radio.

      ______________________________________________

13. You and your friends want to play football.

      ______________________________________________

14. You want to ask a question.

      ______________________________________________

15. You want to put on your coat.

      ______________________________________________

16. You want to take off your jacket.

      ______________________________________________

17. You want to answer the questions.

      ______________________________________________

18. You want to read the passage.

      ______________________________________________

19. You and your friend want to act out the dialogue.

      ______________________________________________

20. You want to close the door.

      ______________________________________________

21. You want to go to the toilet.

      ______________________________________________

22. You want to look at your friend's paper.

      ______________________________________________

23. You want to use your father's car.

      ______________________________________________

24. You want to make a phone call.

      ______________________________________________

54- MAY (Possibility)

A- Complete the following sentences using may.

Example: The weather is cloudy.                          It may rain.

                               The questions are easy.                         I may get a good mark.

1.   There is a traffic jam. We ______________________

2.   Our team are playing well. We______________________

3.   The car is slowing down. It______________________

4.   The policeman is looking at the tall man suspiciously. He______________________

5.   He feels ill. He______________________

6.   The referee is looking at his watch. He______________________

7.   They are looking at “the house for sale” carefully. They______________________

8.   He is going into the travel agency. He______________________

9.   The children are going to the playground. They______________________

10. The postman is coming towards me. He______________________

11. The man is taking out his wallet. He______________________

12. The boy is studying hard. He______________________

13. The woman is going into the post office. She______________________

14. The man is asking the policeman something. He______________________

15. The child is taking out his notebook. He______________________

16. I haven't got any money. I______________________

17. The woman is going to the airport. She______________________

18. I am learning English. I______________________

19. The boy is climbing up a tree. He______________________

20. He is studying law. He______________________

21. We are making a lot of noise. The baby______________________

22. The boy is yawning. He______________________

23. The man is taking off his clothes. He______________________

24. The car is cheap enough. We______________________

 

B- Rewrite the sentences above using might instead of may.

Example: The weather is cloudy.                          It might rain.

                               The questions are easy.                         I might get a good mark.

 

55- USED TO

A- Make sentences with used to as in the example.

Example: I - learn French                       I used to learn French but I don't anymore.

                               He - a teacher                         He used to be a teacher but he isn't anymore.

1.   He – smoke ______________________

2.   My father - play football ______________________

3.   She - a secretary ______________________

4.   My mother - drink milk ______________________

5.   They - go to the cinema ______________________

6.   He - study a lot ______________________

7.   She - watch TV ______________________

8.   The teacher - give a lot of homework ______________________

9.   Ali - come late ______________________

10. Sema - play chess ______________________

11. Necdet – fat ______________________

12. Adam - play tennis ______________________

13. They - good players ______________________

14. I - speak German ______________________

15. My sister – cry ______________________

16. Mary - get up early ______________________

17. That man - very polite ______________________

18. I - go to the market ______________________

19. I - good at maths ______________________

20. My car - go fast ______________________

21. He - shave every morning ______________________

22. The woman - wear high - heeled shoes ______________________

23. The man - work six days a week. ______________________

24. They - run every day ______________________

 

B- Ask questions with the sentences above and give negative answers.

Example: I - learn French 

                               Did you use to learn French?                No. I didn't use to learn French.

 

56- SHALL I

Make offers using Shall I and give answers.

Example: bring you a cup of coffee

                                               Shall I bring you a cup of coffee?          No, thanks.

                               change the cassette

                                               Shall I change the cassette?                   Yes, please.

1.   open the door for you ______________________

2.   give you a pen ______________________

3.   carry your suitcase ______________________

4.   answer the telephone for you ______________________

5.   bring you an aspirin ______________________

6.   send this letter for you ______________________

7.   turn on the lights ______________________

8.   speak more slowly ______________________

9.   get you a cup of coffee ______________________

10. mow the lawn for you ______________________

11. take you to your room ______________________

12. put the vase on the table ______________________

13. clean the room for you ______________________

14. type the report for you ______________________

15. call the man______________________

16. speak to the manager ______________________

17. start the engine for you ______________________

18. wash the dishes for you ______________________

19. paint that wall for you ______________________

20. polish your shoes ______________________

21. fill in the form for you ______________________

22. call a taxi ______________________

23. open a window ______________________

24. cook something for you ______________________

57- SHALL WE / LET'S

A- Make suggestions using Shall we.

Example: play volleyball                       Shall we play volleyball?

                               rent a car                                Shall we rent a car?

1.   go out ________________________________

2.   drink tea ________________________________

3.   have dinner now ________________________________

4.   study now ________________________________

5.   play basketball ________________________________

6.   go to the zoo ________________________________

7.   listen to the tape recorder ________________________________

8.   watch TV ________________________________

9.   play a word game ________________________________

10. have some ice-cream ________________________________

11. go abroad this summer ________________________________

12. stay here tonight ________________________________

13. play chess ________________________________

14. go to the theatre tomorrow________________________________

15. buy a new ball ________________________________

16. go for a walk ________________________________

17. take a taxi ________________________________

18. speak English________________________________

19. go swimming ________________________________

20. wait for them ________________________________

21. go by train ________________________________

22. have something to drink ________________________________

23. paint the house ________________________________

24. sell our old car ________________________________

 

B- Using the cues above make sentences with let's.

Example: play volleyball                       Let's play volleyball.

                               rent a car                                Let's rent a car.

 

58- WOULD LIKE

Use would like instead of want in the following sentences.

Example: I want a cup of tea.                                I would like a cup of tea.

                               I want to have a rest.             I would like to have a rest.

1.   He wants some ice-cream. ________________________________

2.   They want to go home. ________________________________

3.   I want to stay here. ________________________________

4.   She wants to learn English. ________________________________

5.   They want some beef. ________________________________

6.   The policeman wants to ask you some questions. ________________________________

7.   We want to stay up late. ________________________________

8.   Do you want to go out? ________________________________

9.   Do you want some more soup? ________________________________

10. Do you want a piece of cake? ________________________________

11. I don't want to go there. ________________________________

12. He doesn't want to see me. ________________________________

13. They don't want to work there. ________________________________

14. Do they want to live here? ________________________________

15. Where do you want to go? ________________________________

16. What do you want to eat? ________________________________

17. What do you want to do now? ________________________________

18. What does he want? ________________________________

19. What cities do you want to see? ________________________________

20. Where do they want to stay? ________________________________

21. They want some money. ________________________________

22. She doesn't want to stay at that hotel. ________________________________

23. Don't you want to visit them? ________________________________

24. I don't want to have fish. ________________________________

59- REQUESTS (Will – Would - Could)

Make requests beginning with will, would, and could.

Example: open the door                         Will you open the door (please)?

                                                                                                              Would you open the door (please)?

                                                                                                              Could you open the door (please)?

1.   turn on the TV ________________________________

2.   give me a pen ________________________________

3.   call the police ________________________________

4.   turn the lights off ________________________________

5.   wake me up at seven ________________________________

6.   take this to your father ________________________________

7.   get me a newspaper ________________________________

8.   have a seat ________________________________

9.   come at 9 o'clock tomorrow ________________________________

10. answer the telephone ________________________________

11. pass the salt ________________________________

12. sign here ________________________________

13. lend me some money ________________________________

14. tell me the time ________________________________

15. send me some flowers ________________________________

16. pull the curtains ________________________________

17. leave the door open ________________________________

18. take off your shoes here ________________________________

19. call me a taxi ________________________________

20. leave me alone ________________________________

21. do me a favor ________________________________

22. change the cassette ________________________________

23. stop that noise ________________________________

24.           post this letter for me ________________________________

60- SHOULD

A- Make sentences with should or shouldn't.

Example: He is ill.                  He should see a doctor.

                               I am fat.                  You shouldn't eat so much.

1.   He can't speak English well. ________________________________

2.   He coughs a lot. ________________________________

3.   You are always late. ________________________________

4.   He works all the time. ________________________________

5.   Hasan makes a tot of mistakes. ________________________________

6.   The children are making a lot of noise. _________________________

7.   He spends a lot of money. ________________________________

8.   She always daydreams in class. ______________________________

9.   They go out every evening. ________________________________

10. Your father comes home very late. _____________________________

11. Tom is very thin. ________________________________

12. You don't look after your grandfather. __________________________

13. The children are playing in the street. ___________________________

14. Your mother is ill. ________________________________

15. I am hungry. ________________________________

16. The teacher is trying to teach us something. ______________________

17. I have lost my pen. ________________________________

18. That man is driving very fast. ________________________________

19. There are so many new words in this passage. _____________________________

20. The old man can't cross the street. _____________________________

21. He gambles a lot. ________________________________

22. He always leaves his books at home. ___________________________

23. She always gets bad marks. ________________________________

24. You look tired. ________________________________

 

B- Make sentences with ought to or oughtn't to.

Example: He is ill.                  He ought to see a doctor.

61- HAD BETTER

Make sentences using had better.

Example: My car is old.                                                        You'd better sell it.

                               The man is very angry.                          You'd better not talk to him now.

1.   My son looks ill. ________________________________

2.   We are very thirsty. ________________________________

3.   Your father looks tired. ________________________________

4.   That chair is broken. ________________________________

5.   The lift is out of order. ________________________________

6.   It is half past five. ________________________________

7.   The train will be delayed. ________________________________

8.   It is getting dark. ________________________________

9.   I have lost my passport. ________________________________

10. It is getting cold. ________________________________

11. I feel sleepy. ________________________________

12. It is snowing outside. ________________________________

13. This parcel is very heavy. ________________________________

14. This room is a bit dark. ________________________________

15. The lights have gone out. ________________________________

16. My watch has stopped. ________________________________

17. The manager is about to come. ________________________________

18. It is eleven o'clock. ________________________________

19. They are still waiting for you. ________________________________

20. This book is very difficult. ________________________________

21. That car looks very old. ________________________________

22. The meeting starts at 10.15. ________________________________

23. The baby is crying. ________________________________

24. I haven't got any money. ________________________________

62- INFORMATION QUESTIONS

Ask information questions for the underlined words.

Example: He is sleeping.                                       What is he doing?

                               They stayed at home.            Where did they stay?

1.   I used to live in America. ________________________________

2.   He has been ill for three days. ________________________________

3.   I'll call him tomorrow. ________________________________

4.   He couldn't finish it because he was busy. ________________________________

5.   She has breakfast at home. ________________________________

6.   They go to the library twice a week. ________________________________

7.   He ran ten kilometers. ________________________________

8.   I'd like to be a dentist. ________________________________

9.   They were studying when the bell rang. ________________________________

10. She can type 75 words a minute. ________________________________

11. He has been learning English since 1990. ________________________________

12. When I got to the station, the train had left. ________________________________

13. They are going to paint the house. ________________________________

14. You mustn't smoke at a gas station. ________________________________

15. He has to work hard. ________________________________

16. It took me half an hour to get to the airport. ________________________________

17. The manager dismissed the secretary. ________________________________

18. The Whites live on the second floor. ________________________________

19. They had to cancel the meeting. ________________________________

20. The customs officer is searching my suitcase. ________________________________

21. A lot of people died of cancer. ________________________________

22. She needs a lot of coffee. ________________________________

23. I lost a few keys. ________________________________

24. They will be working this time tomorrow. ________________________________

63- TENSE REVISION

A- Rewrite the following sentences using the correct forms of the verbs in brackets.

Example: The children (sleep) __________now.

                                               The children are sleeping now.

                               I (sell) __________my car last week.

                                               I sold my car last week.

1.   My brother rarely (drink) __________coffee.

2.   I (not hear) __________from him for two years.

3.   I (live) __________in Istanbul since I was born.

4.   The play (start) __________in five minutes.

5.   Just as I (leave) __________home, the telephone (ring) __________.

6.   Whenever it (rain) __________, the secretary (come) __________late.

7.   Don't worry. As soon as they (come) __________, I (phone) __________ you.

8.   As soon as the thief (see) __________the landlord, he (start) __________to run away.

9.   Hurry up! The train (leave) __________soon.

10. How long you (wait) __________for the bus? -Since 9.30.

11. When they (catch) __________the murderers? -Last night.

12. I (understand) __________it now.

13. The earth (go) __________round the sun.

14. He said he just (finish) __________work when we (arrive) __________.

15. They asked me why I (want) __________to be a teacher.

16. Last night after (do) __________my homework, I (go) __________straight to bed.

17. I last (go) __________to the movies two years ago.

18. You (see) __________my pen? It (be) __________on the desk a minute ago.

19. Listen! I (think) __________somebody (ring) __________the doorbell.

20. I (hope) __________I (see) __________you again.

21. They (repair) __________my car at the moment.

22. He (be) __________very ill recently.

23. _______you (sleep) ________ when the telephone (ring) __________?

24. She never (drink) __________coffee in the morning.

 

B- Rewrite the following sentences using the correct forms of the verbs in

brackets.

Example: When I (get) ________there, they already (leave) __________.

                               When I got there, they had already left.

                               I think they (come) __________back in ten minutes.

                               I think they will come back in ten minutes.

1.   By this time next year we (learn) __________a great deal of English.

2.   We (not) __________hear anything from the lost climbers so far.

3.   It is high time you (stop) __________ (work) __________for them.

4.   Since when __________you (work) __________as a teacher?

5.   He (work) __________very hard lately.

6.   This is the most exciting book I __________ever (read) __________.

7.   I (call) __________on you last night but a friend of mine (invite) __________ me to a party and I had to go there.

8.   I was sure that I (meet) __________him before.

9.   This time tomorrow I (have) __________dinner with my parents.

10. I hope they (not be) __________here when my father (arrive) __________tomorrow.

11. When I (see) __________them yesterday afternoon, they (play) __________football.

12. What did the police do when they found out that the prisoner (escape) __________?

13. When the thieves (see) __________the police car, they (start) __________to run away.

14. I (know) __________her since my childhood.

15. This is the third time you (telephone) __________tonight. I already (tell) __________you twice that there (not be) __________anybody called Jack here.

16. By the time you turn back I (paint) __________the walls.

17. I once (see) __________your father but I __________never (see) __________your mother.

18. She (telephone) __________her mother three times this week.

19. He (need) __________a pen now because he (want) __________to write a letter.

20. They (leave) __________last night. You should (come) __________yesterday.

21. I am very tired. I'd rather you (go) __________there alone.

22. When I looked out I (see) __________that somebody (steal) __________my car.

23. When I (see) __________them, they (play) __________chess.

24. Don't worry. As soon as the man (come) __________, I (call) __________ you.

64- FUTURE IN THE PAST                                    (Was / Were going to)

Change the following sentences to was / were going to.

Example: I wanted to buy the book but I didn't have enough money.

                                               I was going to buy the book but I didn't have enough money.

                               He planned to give a party but his in-laws came.

                                               He was going to give a party but his in-laws came.

1.   She wanted to visit her parents but she fell ill.

      __________________________________________________

2.   He planned to buy a new car but he painted the old one.

      __________________________________________________

3.   I intended to go to Germany but they didn't give me a visa.

      __________________________________________________

4.   We wanted to play football but it started to rain.

      __________________________________________________

5.   I intended to call you but I forgot.

      __________________________________________________

6.   They planned to go to America but they couldn't afford it.

      __________________________________________________

7.   She planned to send them flowers but the florist was closed.

      __________________________________________________

8.   I wanted to go to the cinema but I had some visitors.

      __________________________________________________

9.   He intended to sell his car but nobody was willing to buy it.

      __________________________________________________

10. We planned to move to the city but the rents were very high.

      __________________________________________________

11. The footballer wanted to score but the referee finished the game.

      __________________________________________________

12. The thief wanted to steal the car but the car had no petrol.

      __________________________________________________

13. I planned to watch the football match but the electricity was cut off.

      __________________________________________________

14. They planned to build a new factory but a war broke out.

      __________________________________________________

15. She intended to bake a cake but she didn't have enough flour.

      __________________________________________________

16. He wanted to get to work early but the train was delayed.

      __________________________________________________

17. I wanted to rent the house but the landlord sold the house.

      __________________________________________________

18. The secretary intended to finish the report but she had a headache.

      __________________________________________________

19. We intended to go to bed early but some of our relatives came.

      __________________________________________________

20. The teacher wanted to tell us a story but the bell rang.

      __________________________________________________

21. They wanted to swim but the water wasn't warm enough.

      __________________________________________________

22. I wanted to write to you but I couldn't find your address.

      __________________________________________________

23. He intended to resign but they gave him a rise.

      __________________________________________________

24. She wanted to go to her mother's but her husband got sick.

      __________________________________________________

 

65- SHOULD HAVE DONE

Make sentences using should + have + verb3 or shouldn't + have + verb3.

Example: The man drove very fast. He had an accident.

                                               He shouldn't have driven so fast.

                            He didn't understand the subject and he didn't ask the teacher.

                                            He should have asked the teacher.

1.   He didn't study for the exam. He got a bad mark.

      __________________________________________________

2.   His car was stolen. He didn't inform the police.

      __________________________________________________

3.   He saw the red light. He didn't stop.

      __________________________________________________

4.   The boy wasn't careful. He broke the window.

      __________________________________________________

5.   The man earned a lot of money. He spent all of his money.

      __________________________________________________

6.   The student did his homework quickly. He made a lot of mistakes.

      __________________________________________________

7.   He left his book on the table. His little sister tore it up.

      __________________________________________________

8.   He didn't finish his work. He went to bed.

      __________________________________________________

9.   I didn't lock the door. Somebody entered the house.

      __________________________________________________

10. A dog bit the child. They didn't take him to hospital.

      __________________________________________________

11. The men were exhausted. They had worked for ten hours without a break.

      __________________________________________________

12. The teacher asked very difficult questions. Nobody answered them.

      __________________________________________________

13. He got up late. He missed the first lesson.

      __________________________________________________

14. The man left his office in a hurry. He forgot to put the lights off.

      __________________________________________________

15. The weather was very cold. I didn't put on my coat.

      __________________________________________________

16. I received a letter from a friend. I didn't reply to it.

      __________________________________________________

17. The man was ill. He didn't take his medicine.

      __________________________________________________

18. I lent him some money. He didn't give it back.

      __________________________________________________

19. The man was very ill. Nobody visited him.

      __________________________________________________

20. She left the ink pot on the desk. It was spilt.

      __________________________________________________

21. The car stopped suddenly without a warning. The lorry behind hit the car.

      __________________________________________________

22. The woman talked on the phone a lot. The milk boiled over.

      __________________________________________________

23. I didn't set the alarm clock. I got up late.

      __________________________________________________

24. The secretary made a lot of mistakes. The boss sacked her.

                __________________________________________________

66- VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS

Rewrite the following sentences changing the positions of the direct and indirect objects.

Example: I gave him a book.                                                 I gave a book to him.

                               She told a story to her son.                   She told her son a story.

1.   I showed him his room. _________________________

2.   She read me the report. _________________________

3.   They sent the books to us. _________________________

4.   I brought him the cassette. _________________________

5.   She told me the news. _________________________

6.   My father gave a lot of money to me. _________________________

7.   He wrote a letter to me. _________________________

8.   He sold his house to me. _________________________

9.   I took him some books. _________________________

10. I bought a dictionary for my brother. _________________________

11. He taught me English. _________________________

12. He lent me some money. _________________________

13. I owe you 1000 dollars. _________________________

14. Give me a pen. _________________________

15. Don't tell him your name. _________________________

16. Don't bring anything to me. _________________________

17. Take these flowers to your father. _________________________

18. Write your parents a letter. _________________________

19. Send me a postcard. _________________________

20. Don't show these pictures to anybody. _________________________

21. They found me a flat. _________________________

22. She mailed me a parcel. _________________________

23. I am going to bake a cake for you. _________________________

24. I offered him a good job. _________________________

 

67- INFINITIVE WITH TO

Complete the following sentences using infinitive with to.

Example: He wants________________               He wants to learn English.

                               I forgot________________                   I forgot to phone him.

1.   He decided ________________

2.   I plan________________

3.   He doesn't want________________

4.   I like________________

5.   They prefer________________

6.   He told me ________________

7.   She asked me________________

8.   I expect them________________

9.   I hope________________

10. She hesitated________________

11. He promised________________

12. My father refused________________

13. I failed________________

14. He threatened us________________

15. He managed________________

16. I tried________________

17. He forced me________________

18. I ordered them________________

19. I warned him________________

20. He reminded me________________

21. She agreed________________

22. I invited him________________

23. He is learning________________

24. He pretended________________

 

68- GERUND

Complete the following sentences using gerund.

Example: He likes ________________                 He likes swimming.

                               She prefers ________________            She prefers drinking tea.

1.   He denied________________

2.   When the teacher came in, the students stopped________________

3.   He can't stand________________

4.   I suggested________________

5.   I prevented them from________________

6.   Imagine________________

7.   He gave up________________

8.   He is interested in________________

9.   She keeps________________

10. You'd better avoid________________

11. He is considering________________

12. I dislike________________

13. I like________________

14. My father hates________________

15. He prefers________________

16. I finished________________

17. That house needs________________

18. I remember________________

19. He is afraid of________________

20. We are looking forward to________________

21. Would you mind ________________?

22. He enjoys________________

23. It is no use________________

24. It is no good________________

69- GERUND or INFINITIVE

Rewrite the following sentences using gerund or infinitive (with or without to) forms of the verbs in brackets: i.e. do, to do or doing.

Example: He is interested in (play)__________ football.

                                               He is interested in playing football.

                               He wants (be) __________ a teacher.

                                               He wants to be a teacher.

1.   I used (drink)__________ milk every day when I was a child.

2.   I am used to (stay up) __________ late.

3.   The manager would like (speak) __________ to you.

4.   The teacher doesn't permit (speak) __________ Turkish during the English lessons.

5.   I remember (go) __________ to primary school with my grandfather.

6.   He began (paint) __________ the walls at seven and worked till twelve.

7.   The policeman caught the man (steal) __________.

8.   They made us (wait) __________ for an hour.

9.   I heard them (talk) __________ about you.

10. The boss wants you (come) __________ on time.

11. Would you mind (wait) __________ for a few minutes?

12. She enjoys (read) __________ English books.

13. My father didn't let me (go) __________ to the football match.

14. You ought (study) __________ hard.

15. You'd better (see) __________ a doctor.

16. They decided (hold) __________ the meeting next week.

17. I hope you won't forget (give) __________ this book to your father.

18. He went on (speak) __________ although nobody was paying attention.

19. Why do you keep on (make) __________ the same mistakes?

20. I found him (lie) __________ on his bed.

21. I'd rather (go) __________ out than (stay) __________ at home.

22. The boss got me (work) __________ late last night.

23. He insisted on (come) __________ with us.

24. He advised me (see) __________ a doctor.

 

70- PASSIVE VOICE (Simple Present)

Change the following sentences to passive voice.

Example: They check every passenger.                                  Every passenger is checked.

                               He sends the parcels every day.                              The parcels are sent every day.

1.   That man cleans the school every day.

      ________________________________________

2.   The postman delivers the letters every day.

      ________________________________________

3.   The conductor checks our tickets.

      ________________________________________

4.   They publish new books every year.

      ________________________________________

5.   My father washes his car every week.

      ________________________________________

6.   They speak French in this town.

      ________________________________________

7.   Somebody collects the garbage every week.

      ________________________________________

8.   Porters carry suitcases.

      ________________________________________

9.   The police catch criminals.

      ________________________________________

10. Mr. Smith opens the store at 9 o'clock.

      ________________________________________

11. They turn off the lights at 11 p.m.

      ________________________________________

12. The manager writes a report at the end of each month.

      ________________________________________

13. They grow tea in Rize.

      ________________________________________

14. They produce coal in Zonguldak.

      ________________________________________

15. They don't sell cars on installment plan.

      ________________________________________

16. She doesn't sweep the floors every morning.

      ________________________________________

17. Does he paint his house every year?

      ________________________________________

18. Do they ever help you?

      ________________________________________

19. What time do they serve dinner?

      ________________________________________

20. Where do they usually keep the food?

      ________________________________________

21. How do they make butter?

      ________________________________________

22. They don't repair cars here.

      ________________________________________

23. They always leave the windows open.

      ________________________________________

24. Nobody speaks French here.

      ________________________________________

 

71- PASSIVE VOICE (Present Continuous)

Change the following sentences to passive voice.

Example: Somebody is repairing the car.

                                               The car is being repaired.

                               They are disturbing us continuously.

                                               We are being disturbed continuously.

1.   They are cleaning the rooms.

      ________________________________________

2.   Mehmet is washing the windows.

      ________________________________________

3.   She's dusting the tables.

      ________________________________________

4.   They're painting the walls.

      ________________________________________

5.   The mother is washing the dishes.

      ________________________________________

6.   The girl is sweeping the carpets.

      ________________________________________

7.   The boy is carrying the chairs.

      ________________________________________

8.   The man is repairing the TV.

      ________________________________________

9.   Somebody is following us.

      ________________________________________

10. They are building a new suspension bridge.

      ________________________________________

11. The lorry is towing the car.

      ________________________________________

12. They are sending the goods this afternoon.

      ________________________________________

13. The teacher is explaining the new words.

      ________________________________________

14. The director is signing the documents now.

      ________________________________________

15. They are not paving the way now.

      ________________________________________

16. Nobody is looking after him now.

      ________________________________________

17. Are they typing the reports now?

      ________________________________________

18. Is he still helping them?

      ________________________________________

19. What are they bringing?

      ________________________________________

20. Where are they taking us?

      ________________________________________

21. They are serving dinner now.

      ________________________________________

22. The secretary isn't typing the letters now.

      ________________________________________

23. Why are they putting everything away?

      ________________________________________

24. The teacher isn't correcting the papers now.

72- PASSIVE VOICE (Simple Past)

Change the following sentences to passive voice.

Example: They killed a lot of people.   A lot of people were killed.

                               They repaired the car.                                           The car was repaired.

1.   They paid the bill yesterday.

      ________________________________________

2.   Somebody broke the glass.

      ________________________________________

3.   They hanged the murderer.

      ________________________________________

4.   They evacuated the town in six hours.

      ________________________________________

5.   The cat ate the meat while the woman was outside.

      ________________________________________

6.   They sold the old house.

      ________________________________________

7.   Somebody stole my wallet.

      ________________________________________

8.   Some people occupied the embassy yesterday.

      ________________________________________

9.   They stopped the cars.

      ________________________________________

10. The police arrested the burglars last night.

      ________________________________________

11. The teacher punished the students.

      ________________________________________

12. The referee expelled two of the players.

      ________________________________________

13. William Shakespeare wrote this book.

      ________________________________________

14. Did they sign the contract?

      ________________________________________

15. Did the tall boxer beat the short one?

      ________________________________________

16. The woman didn't clean the house.

      ________________________________________

17. They didn't put off the meeting in spite of the fog.

      ________________________________________

18. She typed the letters but she didn't post them.

      ________________________________________

19. Where did they send the furniture?

      ________________________________________

20. What did they repair?

      ________________________________________

21. When did they build that house?

      ________________________________________

22. Nobody solved the problem.

      ________________________________________

23. They didn't return the books.

      ________________________________________

24. Why did they change the name of the street?

      ________________________________________

73- PASSIVE VOICE (Past Continuous)

Change the following sentences to passive voice.

Example: Somebody was feeding the animals.

                                               The animals were being fed.

                               They were serving the food.

                                               The food was being served.

1.   He was washing the car.

      ________________________________________

2.   The woman was hovering the carpets.

      ________________________________________

3.   They were paving the road.

      ________________________________________

4.   She was packing the suitcases.

      ________________________________________

5.   The boys were milking the cows.

      ________________________________________

6.   The men were cultivating the land.

      ________________________________________

7.   They were repairing the bridge.

      ________________________________________

8.   When I went there, they were printing the newspaper.

      ________________________________________

9.   When the bell rang, we were answering the questions.

      ________________________________________

10. The policeman was taking the thief to the police station.

      ________________________________________

11. When the inspector came, they were questioning the man.

      ________________________________________

12. They were painting the walls yesterday.

      ________________________________________

13. They were pulling down the old house when I saw them.

      ________________________________________

14. They were shipping the goods when it started to rain.

      ________________________________________

15. Somebody was throwing stones while they were working.

      ________________________________________

16. Was anybody following you while you were coming here?

      ________________________________________

17. Were they doing the work when you arrived?

      ________________________________________

18. They weren't holding up the traffic.

      ________________________________________

19. Nobody was following the instructions.

      ________________________________________

20. How were they dyeing the cloth?

      ________________________________________

21. Where were they taking the cars?

      ________________________________________

22. They weren't fixing the car when I arrived.

      ________________________________________

23. Who was selling the tickets?

      ________________________________________

24. They weren't helping him.

74- PASSIVE VOICE                                                                      (Present Perfect - Past Perfect)

Change the following sentences to passive voice.

Example: They have changed the plan.                  The plan has been changed.

                               They had sent the children home.           The children had been sent home.

1.   He has already answered the questions.

      ________________________________________

2.   She has baked the cake.

      ________________________________________

3.   Somebody has stolen my car.

      ________________________________________

4.   They have just finished the job.

      ________________________________________

5.   They have built a new block of flats.

      ________________________________________

6.   The police have stopped the car.

      ________________________________________

7.   The doctor has just examined the old patient.

      ________________________________________

8.   Somebody has taken our photographs.

      ________________________________________

9.   He has painted that house twice.

      ________________________________________

10. Some people have taken the piano.

      ________________________________________

11. The student had cleaned the board before the teacher came.

      ________________________________________

12. They had pulled down a lot of buildings.

      ________________________________________

13. They had closed the library temporarily.

      ________________________________________

14. They had put off the meeting before we arrived.

      ________________________________________

15. Nobody has used this car for two months.

      ________________________________________

16. Has anybody left any messages for me?

      ________________________________________

17. Have they surprised you?

      ________________________________________

18. They haven't started the competition yet.

      ________________________________________

19. She hasn't planted any flowers in the garden since last year.

      ________________________________________

20. How long have they held the traffic?

      ________________________________________

21. He hadn't delivered the letters.

      ________________________________________

22. Where had they sent him?

      ________________________________________

23. He has already paid the bill.

      ________________________________________

24. Had they arrested the thief?

      ________________________________________

 

75- PASSIVE VOICE (Modals - Future)

Change the following sentences to passive voice.

Example: You must find the bag.                          The bag must be found.

                               They can build it.                                  It can be built.

1.   They will sell the flat.

      ________________________________________

2.   He is going to publish a new book.

      ________________________________________

3.   They are going to block the road.

      ________________________________________

4.   They may send the parcel tomorrow.

      ________________________________________

5.   We can answer the questions.

      ________________________________________

6.   They must check the passports.

      ________________________________________

7.   They have to sign all the documents.

      ________________________________________

8.   They should serve everybody.

      ________________________________________

9.   She might type the report before noon.

      ________________________________________

10. He had to carry the coal to the fifth floor.

      ________________________________________

11. You mustn't pay all the money in advance.

      ________________________________________

12. Nobody can lift that stone.

      ________________________________________

13. They couldn't open the box.

      ________________________________________

14. They used to take the children to the park.

      ________________________________________

15. Can they invite my friend to the party?

      ________________________________________

16. You needn't water the garden.

      ________________________________________

17. Where can we keep the money?

      ________________________________________

18. Why should they pay the bill-in cash?

      ________________________________________

19. What can we do about it?

      ________________________________________

20. Do they have to bring it now?

      ________________________________________

21. Might they cancel the flight?

      ________________________________________

22. Aren't they going to finish it tonight?

      ________________________________________

23. They won't answer the questions.

      ________________________________________

76- PASSIVE VOICE

A- Change the following sentences to passive voice.

Example: They installed the telephone.                The telephone was installed.

                               They will write the report.                    The report will be written.

1.   My father gave me a pen.

      ________________________________________

2.   Somebody showed me the palace.

      ________________________________________

3.   They have brought us some flowers.

      ________________________________________

4.   Everybody admires his plays.

      ________________________________________

5.   They lent me 5000 dollars.

      ________________________________________

6.   They have just stopped the car.

      ________________________________________

7.   Some people are changing the bed linens.

      ________________________________________

8.   Somebody always opens the store at 8.30.

      ________________________________________

9.   They were making a film when the earthquake happened.

      ________________________________________

10. The robbers had taken all the money.

      ________________________________________

11. Students shouldn't damage the desks.

      ________________________________________

12. They held the meeting in the library.

      ________________________________________

13. They haven't published my book yet.

      ________________________________________

14. Mehmet II conquered Istanbul in 1453.

      ________________________________________

15. Are they going to send everybody an invitation card?

      ________________________________________

16. Can anybody solve this problem?

      ________________________________________

17. Somebody is vacuuming the room.

      ________________________________________

18. They couldn't find the burglar.

      ________________________________________

19. How did they put that big cupboard in?

      ________________________________________

20  How many people did the lorry driver injure?

      ________________________________________

21. Somebody robbed the bank.

      ________________________________________

22. When did they discover Australia?

      ________________________________________

23. They always disturb him.

      ________________________________________

24. Who is organizing the demonstration?

      ________________________________________

 

B- Change the following sentences to passive voice.

Example: They rescued the men.                                           The men were rescued.

                               They will find a cure for cancer.             A cure for cancer will be found.

1.   Somebody has planted some flowers in my garden.

      ________________________________________

2.   They sold the house for 100.000 dollars.

      ________________________________________

3.   Somebody has robbed me.

      ________________________________________

4.   Everybody knows this man very well.

      ________________________________________

5.   People will forget it soon.

      ________________________________________

6.   Nobody made any mistakes.

      ________________________________________

7.   They are taking everything away.

      ________________________________________

8.   You must write the report in ink.

      ________________________________________

9.   They had already repaired the roof when we arrived.

      ________________________________________

10. The detectives found the bomb.

      ________________________________________

11. They are going to decorate this room next week.

      ________________________________________

12. They give a prize every year.

      ________________________________________

13. They took the injured man to hospital.

      ________________________________________

14. Can they find a cure for this disease?

      ________________________________________

15. They don't speak to strangers in that town.

      ________________________________________

16. They don't expect you to arrive before noon.

      ________________________________________

17. When did they construct that factory?

      ________________________________________

18. What did hey show last night?

      ________________________________________

19. Can't they finish the work by five o'clock?

      ________________________________________

20. They haven't fed the animals yet.

      ________________________________________

21. What did they bring yesterday?

 

22. When do they empty the dustbins?

      ________________________________________

23. They won't do it till tomorrow.

      ________________________________________

24. Nobody has done anything.

      ________________________________________

 

C- Change the following sentences to passive voice.

Example: Everybody thinks he is very clever.

                                               He is thought to be very clever.

                               They told me they would sell the building.

                                               I was told the building would be sold.

1.   It was clear that they had searched the house before.

      ________________________________________

2.   They say that he is very wise.

      ________________________________________

3.   People believe that he has killed his wife.

      ________________________________________

4.   If they had told me that before, I wouldn't have disturbed him.

      ________________________________________

5.   Don't let people depress you.

      ________________________________________

6.   When the police caught the murderer, they sent him to Scotland Yard.

      ________________________________________

7.   Everybody thought that the government would cancel the meeting.

      ________________________________________

8.   They should have taken security measures beforehand.

      ________________________________________

9.   They haven't changed anything since they built this house.

      ________________________________________

10. I don't want anyone to change it.

      ________________________________________

11. Though the police surrounded the house, they couldn't catch all of the criminals.

      ________________________________________

12. Nobody answered the question that the math teacher asked.

      ________________________________________

13. Where did they send the man that they arrested yesterday?

      ________________________________________

14. I don't like people following me.

      ________________________________________

15. He doesn't want people to disturb him.

      ________________________________________

16. They told me that they had arranged everything.

      ________________________________________

17. They surprised everybody when they freed the prisoners.

      ________________________________________

18. We heard the men beating the drums.

      ________________________________________

19. They pointed out that no one could solve the problem unless they knew all the facts.

      ________________________________________

20. Can't we persuade him to help us without telling anybody?

      ________________________________________

21. They will have completed the bridge by the end of next year.

      ________________________________________

22. They shouldn't have sent the parcels without checking.

      ________________________________________

23. They would have repaired the car if somebody had told them.

      ________________________________________

24. What will they have to do for it?

      ________________________________________

 

D- Change the following sentences to active voice.

Example: The car was painted. (the men)

                                               The men painted the car.

                               The newspapers are sold by the newsagent.

                                               The newsagent sells the newspapers.

1.   The bill has just been paid. (Mr. Smith)

      ________________________________________

2.   The patients are being examined at the moment. (the doctor)

      ________________________________________

3.   Cars mustn't be parked here. (they)

      ________________________________________

4.   Bombs are being dropped by the war planes.

      ________________________________________

5.   The secretary was dismissed by the boss.

      ________________________________________

6.   The work will be finished by 4 o'clock. (she)

      ________________________________________

7.   You are going to be invited to dinner this evening. (he)

      ________________________________________

8.   He never expected his car to be found. (the police)

      ________________________________________

9.   The newspapers are delivered every morning. (Tom)

      ________________________________________

10. I was given a present. (a friend of mine)

      ________________________________________

11. This letter has to be written again. (the secretary)

      ________________________________________

12. The fire had been put out when the fire brigade arrived. (the workers)

      ________________________________________

13. My baggage is rarely searched at the customs. (the customs officers)

      ________________________________________

14. This knot can't be untied by anyone.

      ________________________________________

15. The wires haven't been connected yet. (the men)

      ________________________________________

16. The museum has just been closed. (the watchman)

      ________________________________________

17. Was a documentary film being shown when you arrived? (they)

      ________________________________________

18. Are experiments carried out every day? (the scientists)

      ________________________________________

19. When was Istanbul conquered? (Mehmet II)

      ________________________________________

20. The man should have been arrested. (the police)

      ________________________________________

21. Where are the files kept? (they)

      ________________________________________

22. The questions couldn't be answered. (nobody)

      ________________________________________

23. The car doesn't have to be repaired today. (you)

      ________________________________________

24. The man is being examined now. (the doctor)

77- ACTIVE or PASSIVE?

Complete the following sentences using the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Be careful with the choice of active or passive voice.

Example: This palace ___________ in 1463. (build)

                                               This palace was built in 1463.

                               Mimar Sinan ___________ this mosque. (build)

                               Mimar Sinan built this mosque.

1.   The judge ___________ the criminal severely. (punish)

2.   The stolen car___________ yet. (not find)

3.   The director of the company ___________ last night. (arrest)

4.   The next meeting ___________ on January 25. (hold)

5.   The accident___________ at 9.15 last night. (happen)

6.   I___________ an electronic watch if I passed my exams. (promise)

7.   I___________ to be at the police station at 3 o'clock. (tell)

8.   The old man ___________ of cancer. (die)

9.   A lot of people ___________ last night. (kill)

10. The sun ___________ in the east every morning. (rise)

11. They ___________ the examination next week. (take)

12. The man ___________ tomorrow morning. (question)

13. The house ___________ now. (clean)

14. He ___________ anything for days. (eat)

15. He must never ___________ alone. (leave)

16. ________ the car ___________ yet? (fix)

17. _________ the thief___________ many things from your flat? (steal)

18. Who ___________ the robbers? (catch)

19. How many windows ___________ yesterday? (break)

20. Who ___________ to prison? (send)

21. He ___________ the store at 8.30 every morning. (open)

22. They ___________ last year. (publish)

23. The reporters ___________ the Prime Minister at the moment.

24. ___________ you ever ___________ robbed?

 

78- RELATIVE CLAUSES

A- Combine the following sentences using who, which, or that.

Example: The woman is Mary's mother. She opened the door.

                                               The woman who opened the door is Mary's mother.

                               The dog belongs to Mr. Smith. It is barking.

                                               The dog which is barking belongs to Mr. Smith.

1.   The boss was angry with the typist. She made a lot of mistakes.

      _______________________________________________________

2.   The man had killed three people. He escaped from prison.

      _______________________________________________________

3.   The car was very fast. It hit the tree.

      _______________________________________________________

4.   The child started to cry. He fell off the tree.

      _______________________________________________________

5.   The plane is an hour late. It is coming from Berlin.

      _______________________________________________________

6.   The woman is knitting a sweater. She is waiting for the doctor.

      _______________________________________________________

7.   The man is very happy. He has won the election.

      _______________________________________________________

8.   The boy worked very hard. He won the prize.

      _______________________________________________________

9.   The man smokes a lot. He is coughing now.

      _______________________________________________________

10. The cat is sleeping. It caught a mouse half an hour ago.

      _______________________________________________________

11. The company went bankrupt. It couldn't sell its products.

      _______________________________________________________

12. I don't like people. They tell lies.

      _______________________________________________________

13. The judge punished the man. The man had robbed the bank.

      _______________________________________________________

14. The man was driving very fast. He had an accident.

      _______________________________________________________

15. The girl studies a lot. She gets good marks in the exams.

      _______________________________________________________

16. Where did the man go? He was wearing a strange hat.

      _______________________________________________________

17. How is the woman? She had an operation last week.

      _______________________________________________________

18. The man broke his leg. Send him to hospital.

      _______________________________________________________

19. The child was very ill. What happened to him?

      _______________________________________________________

20. The car broke down. The driver is trying to repair it.

      _______________________________________________________

21. The dog ran away. It bit my leg.

      _______________________________________________________

22. The man went to the police station. He had lost his passport.

      _______________________________________________________

23. I am looking for the man. He lives next to us.

      _______________________________________________________

24. The newspaper was on the table. Who took it?

      _______________________________________________________

 

B- Combine the following sentences using who, whom, which, or that.

Example: The film was very interesting. We watched it last night.

                The film which we watched last night was very interesting.

                The man escaped from prison. They had arrested him last night.

                The man whom they had arrested last night escaped from prison.

1.   The man left the country. The police were trying to catch him.

      _______________________________________________________

2.   I can't find the parcel. I had put it under the table.

      _______________________________________________________

3.   The flowers were very nice. My friends brought them to me.

      _______________________________________________________

4.   I have lost the dictionary. I bought it yesterday.

      _______________________________________________________

5.   The boy left his homework at home. I studied with him last night.

      _______________________________________________________

6.   The advertisement was very interesting. We saw it in the paper.

      _______________________________________________________

7.   The pill was no good. The doctor prescribed it.

      _______________________________________________________

8.   My father bought me the bicycle. He had promised to buy it.

      _______________________________________________________

9.   The students were very successful in the exam. Mr. Miller taught them.

      _______________________________________________________

10. He showed me a book. I liked it very much.

      _______________________________________________________

11. The poem made everybody cry. Ali recited it.

      _______________________________________________________

12. I sent the newspaper a story. They didn't publish it.

      _______________________________________________________

13. I lent Chuck some money. He didn't repay it.

      _______________________________________________________

14. The cake was very delicious. My mother made it.

      _______________________________________________________

15. Mr. Brown sold the house. He had built it in two years.

      _______________________________________________________

16. I am reading a book. It is very boring.

      _______________________________________________________

17. How is the woman? She had an operation last week.

      _______________________________________________________

18. My father was reading a newspaper. Where did you put it?

      _______________________________________________________

19. They are going to give you a letter. Read it very carefully.

      _______________________________________________________

20. The teacher asked me a question. I didn't understand it.

      _______________________________________________________

21. I couldn't find the letter. The postman had brought it yesterday.

      _______________________________________________________

22. The man is fixing the window. My son has broken it.

      _______________________________________________________

23. I gave you a letter. Why didn't you take it to your father?

      _______________________________________________________

24. They put the man in prison. They had arrested him two days ago.

      _______________________________________________________

 

C- Combine the following sentences using whose or with.

Example: Do you know the boy? His mother died yesterday.

                               Do you know the boy whose mother died yesterday.

                               I like the dictionary very much. Its definitions are clear.

                               I like the dictionary whose definitions are clear very much.

                or I like the dictionary with clear definitions very much.

1.   The woman is crying. Her son is going to America.

      _______________________________________________________

2.   The man is talking to the headmaster. His son failed.

      _______________________________________________________

3.   I am going to visit the man. His wife died last week.

      _______________________________________________________

4.   Bring me the book. Its pictures are black and white.

      _______________________________________________________

5.   This is the man. His car is very fast.

      _______________________________________________________

6.   The man phoned the police. His house was broken into.

      _______________________________________________________

7.   The house is about to collapse. Its walls are cracked.

      _______________________________________________________

8.   The woman is screaming. Her jewels were stolen.

      _______________________________________________________

9.   The boy is crying. His ball went up to the roof.

      _______________________________________________________

10. I lost the tape recorder. Its loud-speakers were detachable.

      _______________________________________________________

11. That is the woman. We met her son last night.

      _______________________________________________________

12. The castle is impossible to enter. Its walls are very high.

      _______________________________________________________

13. The dog bit the boy. Somebody broke its chain.

      _______________________________________________________

14. I like books. Their pictures are colorful.

      _______________________________________________________

15. The baby is smiling. Its nappy has been changed.

      _______________________________________________________

16. There is the man. We are going to buy his house.

      _______________________________________________________

17. The man called the fire brigade. His house was arsoned.

      _______________________________________________________

18. Repair the car. Its battery is flat.

      _______________________________________________________

19. Do you know the professor? We are going to attend his lectures.

      _______________________________________________________

20. They took the child to hospital. A dog had bit his leg.

      _______________________________________________________

21. The girl is smiling. The photographer is taking her picture.

      _______________________________________________________

22. The man left the town. Uncle Tom bought his car.

      _______________________________________________________

23. The woman is talking to the headmaster. Her daughter is ill.

      _______________________________________________________

24. The woman is cooking dinner. Her children are watching TV in the living-room.

      _______________________________________________________

 

D- Combine the following sentences using relative pronouns. Omit relative pronouns where possible.

Example: The man was very frightened. We saw him at the bus stop.

                               The man (who) we saw at the bus stop was very frightened.

                               The man abandoned his family. He had lost his job.

                               The man who had lost his job abandoned his family.

1.   The book was valuable. I found it in the basement.

      _______________________________________________________

2.   The truck ran over the little girl. It was coming very fast.

      _______________________________________________________

3.   The children are making a lot of noise. They are playing in the garden.

      _______________________________________________________

4.   The plane crashed. It left the airport at 9.30.

      _______________________________________________________

5.   The man was doing 120 kph. The policeman stopped him.

      _______________________________________________________

6.   The mountain is very steep. The climbers are trying to climb it up.

      _______________________________________________________

7.   The people have just arrived. You invited them to dinner.

      _______________________________________________________

8.   The plumber charged 10 dollars. He fixed the boiler.

      _______________________________________________________

9.   The workers gave up their jobs. The boss refused to give them a rise.

      _______________________________________________________

10. The newspaper disappeared. I left it on the table.

      _______________________________________________________

11. The program is very interesting. I am listening to it now.

      _______________________________________________________

12. The man was very angry. The government confiscated his land.

      _______________________________________________________

13. The cars are very nice. They produce them in Turkey.

      _______________________________________________________

14. They have employed a cook. He cooks very well.

      _______________________________________________________

15. The woman wants to talk to you. You dismissed her son yesterday.

      _______________________________________________________

16. The lion is very dangerous. It escaped from the zoo.

      _______________________________________________________

17. The ship sank in the middle to the Atlantic. It had been built in 1955.

      _______________________________________________________

18. The space shuttle will return to earth next year. It will take photographs of Mars.

      _______________________________________________________

19. The man is very good at his job. He repairs my car.

      _______________________________________________________

20. The boys are very active. They live upstairs.

      _______________________________________________________

21. The man wanted to commit suicide. He couldn't pay his debts.

      _______________________________________________________

22. I couldn't find the pen. I had put it on the shelf.

      _______________________________________________________

23. I have received a letter from China. Can you translate it?

      _______________________________________________________

24. The man is coming towards you. You mustn't talk to him.

      _______________________________________________________

 

E- Combine the following sentences using relative pronouns. Omit relative pronouns where possible.

Example: I can't find the pen. I started writing the letter with it.

                               I can't find the pen (which) I started writing the letter with.

                               The boy left his house. His father had punished him.

                               The boy whose father had punished him left his house.

1.   The birds sing in her garden. She always feed them.

      _______________________________________________________

2.   The man rushed into the manager's office. The salesman overcharged him.

      _______________________________________________________

3.   You were wearing a hat yesterday. How much did you pay for it?

      _______________________________________________________

4.   The boy broke his left arm. He was riding his bicycle very dangerously.

      _______________________________________________________

5.   The student never does homework. The teacher wants to talk to his father.

      _______________________________________________________

6.   The submarine almost sank. It hit a huge iceberg.

      _______________________________________________________

7.   The mother put the toys away. The children left them around.

      _______________________________________________________

8.   The doctors didn't operate on the patient. He had a high temperature.

      _______________________________________________________

9.   The guards discovered the tunnel. The prisoners dug it in twenty days.

      _______________________________________________________

10. The athlete won the gold medal. He ran 100 meters in 10 seconds.

      _______________________________________________________

11. The eye-witness didn't appear in court. Everybody was waiting for her.

      _______________________________________________________

12. The workers went on strike. The employer didn't accept their demands.

      _______________________________________________________

13. The painting disappeared mysteriously. It was in the art gallery.

      _______________________________________________________

14. I started to work in the factory. My father used to work there.

      _______________________________________________________

15. The man had to walk two kilometers. His car broke down.

      _______________________________________________________

16. The examination is very important for me. I will take it next week.

      _______________________________________________________

17. The man is disturbing everybody. Take him away.

      _______________________________________________________

18. The man works 60 hours a week. How much does he earn?

      _______________________________________________________

19. The students can't understand the words. You should explain them.

      _______________________________________________________

20. The driver is repairing the car. We traveled in that car yesterday.

      _______________________________________________________

21. I don't like the man. I work with him in the same office.

      _______________________________________________________

22. The secretary finished typing the letters. Send them to Mr. Smith.

      _______________________________________________________

23. I want to go to the restaurant. They serve fresh food there.

      _______________________________________________________

24. I apologized to the man. I stepped on his foot.

      _______________________________________________________

 

F- Answer the questions as in the example.

Example: What do we call a person who cuts hair?

                               A person who cuts hair is called a barber.

                               What do we call a person who plays football?

                               A person who plays football is called a footballer.

 

What do we call a person who…

1.   types letters? ______________________________________

2.   sells newspapers and magazines? ______________________________

3.   cooks meals? ______________________________________

4.   makes clothes? ______________________________________

5.   sells fruit and vegetables? ____________________________________

6.   runs in races? ______________________________________

7.   acts in films? ______________________________________

8.   steals things? ______________________________________

9.   serves food at the tables in a restaurant? ______________________________________

10. takes pictures? ______________________________________

11. drives a taxi? ______________________________________

12. catches criminals? ______________________________________

13. puts out fires? ______________________________________

14. pull's out teeth? ______________________________________

15. examines patients? ______________________________________

16. looks after sick or old people? ________________________________

17. fixes cars? ______________________________________

18. rides in horse races? ______________________________________

19. flies planes? ______________________________________

20. writes poems? ______________________________________

21. teaches English? ______________________________________

22. interviews people? ______________________________________

23. tells lies? ______________________________________

24. writes books? ______________________________________

 

G- Read the following passages and answer the questions. (You have to use RELATIVE CLAUSES- who, whom, which, that, whose, or where in your answers.)

A-     While Mary was playing in the street, she saw a dog. It was walking very slowly. She threw a big stone at the dog and it ran away. Then she saw another dog. This one was running very fast. When the dog saw Mary, it started to run towards her and bit her left leg. Her mother was at the window and saw her. She rushed out and took a taxi to take Mary to hospital. The driver of the taxi was driving very slowly. She got very angry and told the driver to drive fast. But it was an old car and it didn't go fast. So they got out of the taxi and took another one. This one was new and fast. There were two hospitals in the town. One of them was very near but they didn't go there. They went to the other hospital. Mary had had an operation there two years ago.

 

1.   Which dog bit Mary's left leg?

      ________________________________________________

2.   Which dog was walking very slowly?

      ________________________________________________

3.   Which taxi didn't Mary's mother like?

      ________________________________________________

4.   Which taxi did they take later?

      ________________________________________________

5.   Which hospital did they go to?

      ________________________________________________

 

B-     Yesterday I left home at 8 o'clock. I went to the bus-stop and started to wait for a bus. A bus came at 8.1.5. I tried to get on it but it was impossible. Five minutes later another bus came. This time I was able to get on. I saw an old friend on the bus. He was wearing a blue shirt. We started to talk. While we were talking, the bus broke down. My friend got off immediately. After waiting for a few minutes, I decided to get off, too. Just as I was getting off. I saw another friend. I taught him English two years ago. We got on another bus at 8.40. The driver of this bus was driving very fast. I got to work at 8.55.

 

1.   Which bus couldn't the writer take?

      ________________________________________________

2.   Which bus did he take?

      ________________________________________________

3.   Which friend did he meet on the bus?

      ________________________________________________

4.   Which friend did he meet white he was getting off?

      ________________________________________________

5.   Which bus did they take at 8.40?

      ________________________________________________

 

79- REPORTED SPEECH

A- Put the following sentences into reported speech. Start the sentence with a present (or future) tense and with the third person singular.

Example: I am a student.                                                       He is saying he is a student.

                               I can't see it very well.                           She says she can't see it very well.

1.   I am bored. _____________________________

2.   I need an aspirin. _____________________________

3.   We live in Aksaray. _____________________________

4.   I am going to call you this evening. _____________________________

5.   I have received a letter from my uncle. _____________________________

6.   I have been learning English for six months. _____________________________

7.   My father goes to work at 8. _____________________________

8.   I have to start work at 8.30. _____________________________

9.   My parents drink coffee every evening. _____________________________

10. You walk very fast. _____________________________

11. We are waiting for you. _____________________________

12. I am still learning to drive. _____________________________

13. You are smoking too much. _____________________________

14. Tom can't help you. _____________________________

15. I haven't finished my breakfast yet. _____________________________

16. We like our school. _____________________________

17. I don't like them. _____________________________

18. I am not rich enough to buy the cheaper one. _____________________________

19. I haven't been feeling very well lately. _____________________________

20. We don't understand you. _____________________________

21. We get up very early. _____________________________

22. I never drink alcohol. _____________________________

23. We are going to do it tomorrow. _____________________________

24. I don't have to go there today. _____________________________

 

B- Put the following sentences to reported speech. Start the sentence with a present (or future) tense and with the third person singular.

Example: Do you live in Istanbul?          He has asked me if I live in Istanbul.

                               Where has he gone?                                She wants to know where he has gone.

1.   Is it raining? _____________________________

2.   Do you like tea? _____________________________

3.   Can you speak English? _____________________________

4.   Are you tourists? _____________________________

5.   Is Ali your brother? _____________________________

6.   Do you have to study so hard? _____________________________

7.   What is your name? _____________________________

8.   Where do you work? _____________________________

9.   What color are your eyes? _____________________________

10. When will the meeting start? _____________________________

11. How do they go to work? _____________________________

12. Who is coming to dinner this evening? _____________________________

13. Was it easy? _____________________________

14. Who do you study English with? _____________________________

15. Are they your friends? _____________________________

16. Where do your brothers have lunch? _____________________________

17. Can't you work quietly? _____________________________

18. Don't you visit them regularly? _____________________________

19. Why don't you like them? _____________________________

20. How many brothers have you got? _____________________________

21. Do they work every day? _____________________________

22. Have you been ill? _____________________________

23. What are you doing? _____________________________

24. Where are you going? _____________________________

 

C- Put  the following sentences into reported speech. Start with the third person singular and with a past tense.

Example: I am very ill.                                                          He said he was very ill.

                               I am studying English.                           She said she was studying English.

1.   I am a student. _____________________________

2.   I am twelve years old. _____________________________

3.   My father is a computer programmer. _______________________________________

4.   We are from Konya. _____________________________

5.   My sister is very fat. _____________________________

6.   Mathematics is very difficult. _____________________________

7.   My mother is in the kitchen now. _____________________________

8.   I am writing a letter now. _____________________________

9.   My father is reading the newspaper. ________________________________________

10. My mother is cooking. _____________________________

11. My sister is having a cup of tea. _____________________________

12. My brother is doing a crossword puzzle. ______________________________________________

13. The students are wrestling. _____________________________

14. I am doing homework. _____________________________

15. We are having dinner. _____________________________

16. Ayse is getting ready for school. _____________________________

17. We are very late. _____________________________

18. The dog is barking. _____________________________

19. I am very tired. _____________________________

20. My brother is a pilot. _____________________________

21. We are tourists. _____________________________

22. I am not in a hurry. _____________________________

23. I am cleaning my car. _____________________________

24. We are watching TV. _____________________________